Code Concise code Term Definition
1 CITY City A populated place with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Municipal Act.
2 TOWN Town A populated place with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Municipal Act.
3 VILG Village A populated place with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Municipal Act.
4 MUN1 Metropolitan Municipality An incorporated municipality within a metropolitan area.
6 VILG Community A populated place with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Municipal Act.
9 TOWN Separated Town A town separated for municipal purposes from the county in which it is located.
11 HAM Hamlet An incorporated, populated place with legally defined boundaries.
12 VILG Summer Village A community containing at least 50 seasonally occupied dwellings, incorporated by Order in Council.
14 VILG Municipality Territory over which a local government exercises authority, in conformance with municipal legislation.
15 CITY City Municipality established with this status under the provisions of the Cities and Towns Act.
16 MUN1 Resort Municipality A populated place incorporated as a resort municipality.
17 HAM Organized Hamlet A populated place incorporated under the Rural Municipality Act.
18 VILG Resort Village A populated place incorporated under the Urban Municipality Act, 1984.
19 HAM Northern Hamlet A populated place incorporated under the Northern Municipalities Act.
20 HAM Northern Settlement A populated place incorporated under the Northern Municipalities Act.
21 VILG Northern Village A populated place incorporated under the Northern Municipalities Act.
22 TOWN Municipality A populated place incorporated as a municipality.
23 CITY Town Municipality established with this title, in conformance with the provisions of the Cities and Towns Act or a specific charter. Note: This administrative meaning of the term ville should not be confused with the geographical definition.
24 VILG Urban Community As incorporated under the City of Winnipeg Act.
25 MUN1 Metropolitan Corporation A regional municipality. It may be a federation of all the local municipalities within its boundaries.
26 HAM Charter Community A corporate structure established by legislation permitting direct appointments from the First Nation Council for the head of council and 50% of council membership. The remaining seats are filled by election.
27 VILG Township Municipality Municipality that takes in a township or part of a township.
28 VILG United Townships Municipality Municipality that takes in two or more adjacent townships.
29 VILG Parish Municipality Municipality that takes in a parish.
30 TOWN Village Municipality Municipality that takes in a village.
31 VILG Cree Village Municipality
33 VILG Naskapi Village Municipality
34 VILG Northern Village Municipality
35 MUN1 District Municipality A populated place, incorporated as a District Municipality.
36 HAM Community Government A T{2}{10}ch{36} community government established by subsection 7(1) of the T{2}{10}ch{36} Community Government Act.
37 VILG Community A populated place with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Land Claims Act.
38 TOWN Borough Territorial administrative subdivision of a large community which is composed wholly or in part of local communities
39 VILG Mountain Resort Municipality A populated place with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Municipal Act.
40 MUN1 Rural Community An area incorporated as a Rural Community under the provincial Municipalities Act.
41 UTM Upper-tier Municipality An incorporated municipality at the upper level of a two tier municipal structure within Ontario. An upper tier municipality delivers certain services for the lower tier municipalities within its geographical boundaries.
42 LTM Lower-tier Municipality An incorporated municipality at the lower level of a two tier municipal structure in Ontario. Lower-tier municipalities may also be referred to as local municipalities.
43 STM Single-tier Municipality An incorporated municipality which is not part of a two tier municipal structure in Ontario.
44 TOWN Northern Town A populated place incorporated under the Northern Municipalities Act.
100 UNP Hamlet An unincorporated populated place.
101 UNP Village An unincorporated populated place.
102 UNP Police Village A named community with certain local services within the administration of a township municipality.
103 UNP Rural Village A rural community with a built-up area.
104 UNP Settlement Any permanently occupied, unincorporated area normally identified by a single name, generally rural, and having a recognizable central focus.
105 UNP Compact Rural Community A named rural community with a readily recognizable central focus.
107 UNP Resort A place frequented, usually for a specified purpose or quality.
108 UNP Locality A named place or area, with or without a scattered population.
109 UNP Named Locality Locality that has spontaneously been given a name with geographical, historical or folklore origins.
110 UNP Railway Junction A Junction with no agent.
111 UNP Railway Point A named railway siding, junction, or flag stop with or without an agent.
112 UNP Station A locality with a railway station.
113 UNP Post Office A Canada Post designation, where the post office name differs from the name of the place where it is located.
114 UNP Landing A coastal or shore location where boats may put in to load or unload.
115 UNP Siding A named railway point used for storage; may or may not have an agent.
116 UNP Depot A railway facility which may or may not have an agent.
117 UNP Abandoned Locality A previously populated locality with no population.
119 UNP Trading Post A locality with a trading post.
120 UNP Fort Fortified structure built to protect a strategic site.
121 UNP Community An unincorporated populated place that may have definable limits; or (2) An unincorporated populated place within a Regional Municipality, Metropolitan Area, or an Urban Community (2).
122 UNP Dispersed Rural Community A named rural community with no readily recognizable central focus.
123 UNP Hamlet Isolated group of a few houses in the country.
124 UNP Locality A named place or area, with or without a scattered population.
125 UNP Post Office Established where mail operations take place for a given area.
126 UNP Town Fairly large population centre, characterized by concentrated settlement, the activities of which are based on industry, commerce, services and administration.
127 UNP Railway Junction Place where two railway lines or other travel routes meet.
129 UNP Station Site of the railway equipment and buildings required for the movement of passengers and goods.
130 UNP Military Post Office Post office operated by the Department of National Defence.
131 UNP Resort Place where people go to spend their vacation.
132 UNP Weather Station A site occupied year round for the collection of meterological data.
133 UNP Hutterite Colony Hutterite farming community where families live communally, but remain separate from the mainstream of the population.
137 UNP Colony Hutterite (or other religious group) farming community where families live communally, but remain separate from the mainstream of the population.
139 UNP Trailer Park Land fitted up for the installation of mobile (trailer) homes.
141 UNP Customs Point A place at or near the International boundary where travellers and vehicles crossing the border are inspected.
143 UNP Summer Post Office A post office open, usually late spring to early fall, in tourist and summer recreation areas.
144 UNP Flag Stop A railway stop where trains stop only if flagged down.
145 UNP Metis Settlement A legally designated land subdivision.
146 UNP Native Community A community inhabited by Amerindians; not part of an Indian Reserve.
147 UNP Indian Settlement Designation used by DIAND; not an Indian Reserve within the meaning of the Indian Act. Occupation is not restricted to a particular Band. Not used as a designation for official names on the CGNDB.
148 UNP Northern Community A populated place under the jurisdiction of the Northern Affairs Act.
149 UNP Unincorporated Village District A populated district established under The Municipal Act.
151 UNP Ski Area Place offering basic skiing facilities.
152 UNP Ranch A facility and its estate; most commonly for grazing and rearing horses, cattle, and/or sheep.
154 UNP Vacated or Seasonal Settlement Any area formerly settled by a permanent population and presently vacated, or a place occupied temporarily and seasonally for resource exploitation, recreation or leisure.
155 UNP Cannery A facility for canning fish, fruit, or meat.
156 UNP Indian Village A place inhabited by Ameridians. No longer used as an official designation on the CGNDB.
157 UNP Former First Nation Village A place formerly inhabited by First Nations' people, with no current population, or that is usually uninhabited.
158 UNP Former Locality A place usually uninhabited or with a very small, scattered population.
159 UNP Former Post Office Name retained for a post office now closed.
160 UNP Forest Village Population centre with no legal status established in the woods for loggers and their families.
161 UNP Naskapi Village Community inhabited mostly by the Naskapi and located on lands designated 1A-N as defined by the "Convention du Nord-Est québécois". Note: Do not confuse with municipalité de village naskapi.
162 UNP Station Railway station of minor importance.
163 UNP Amerindian Settlement Village or hamlet where the majority of residents are Indian, located on land having no specific legal status.
164 UNP Hotel
167 UNP Trailer Park Piece of land with facilities for installing mobile homes.
168 UNP Trading Post Place where trading was carried out with Indians and Inuit usually in a remote area and where goods can be, or were, purchased or exchanged.
170 UNP Station Site of the railway equipment and buildings required for the movement of passengers and goods.
171 UNP Customs Point A point at or near the International Boundary where travellers and vehicles crossing the border are inspected.
172 UNP Railway Stop Place intended for optional stopping of trains.
173 UNP Neighbourhood A mainly residential area outside a Metropolitan Area, Urban Community, town or village, generally of one hundred homes or more which has a distinct location with readily definable limits, recognized by a particular name for at least 10 yrs
174 UNP Village Rural population centre characterized by fairly concentrated settlement, offering essential services and a form of community life.
175 UNP Cree Village Population centre where the majority of residents are Cree, located on category 1A lands, as defined in the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement.
176 UNP Railway Yard Site of the railway equipment needed to separate and put together railway cars in order to assemble trains.
177 UNP Customs Point A point at or near the International Boundary where travellers and vehicles crossing the border are inspected.
178 UNP Weather Station Group of facilities and equipment required for meteorological observations.
179 UNP Research Station Place where scientific research is carried out in some discipline related to the surrounding environment. Note: A research station carries out research in disciplines such as forestry, agriculture, pisciculture or meteorology.
180 UNP Former Railway Point Former siding, junction, flag stop, and some railway stations.
181 UNP Settlement Corporation A small, unincorporated community in the Northwest Territories.
183 UNP Former Cannery A facility formerly used for canning fish, fruit or meat.
184 UNP Townsite Ground on which town or building stood, stands, or is to stand; place where some activity is or has been conducted.
185 UNP Woodland Area A named area with definable boundaries and little or no population.
186 UNP First Nation Village A community located on an Indian Reserve, inhabited primarily by members of the same band.
187 UNP Recreational Community An unincorporated place with seasonal or year-round services, accomodation and amenities associated primarily with recreational or leisure activities.
200 UNP Urban Community A separately named area within the limits of an incorporated municipality.
201 UNP Neighbourhood An unincorporated urban place.
202 UNP Suburban Community A named residential area adjacent to a city, town or village.
203 UNP Industrial Park A named part of a city or town in which industries are located, and has definite boundaries.
204 UNP Industrial Area A named part of a city or town in which industries are located, but without definite limits.
205 UNP Residential Area Area reserved for residences.
206 UNP Subdivision A named residential community within or adjacent to a city, town or village.
207 UNP Industrial Park Space designed to accommodate manufacturing, distributing and service firms.
208 UNP Metropolitan Area A separately named area of substantial size and population within the limits of a Regional Municipality.
209 UNP Local Urban District A community without corporate status, established under the Municipal Act.
212 UNP Residential Area Large group of apartment houses or individual dwellings of similar architectural design, with which are associated some community services.
213 UNP Neighbourhood Fairly homogeneous section of a population centre, marked by some distinctive features.
214 UNP Administrative Sector Division of a territorial unit created for specific administrative purposes.
400 MUN2 Rural District A place incorporated as a Rural District, prior to 1 April, 1980. Since then designated as a Town.
401 MUN2 Local Government District A legally defined area, or areas incorporated under the Local Government Districts Act.
402 UNP Local Service District Any settled area incorporated under the Municipalities Act as a Local Service District.
403 MUN2 Local District Municipality Any populated place incorporated as a Local District Municipality. This is no longer used as an official designation on the CGNDB.
404 MUN1 Municipal District A rural unit which may include farmlands, as well as unincorporated communities such as hamlets, but which does not have responsibility for school administration.
405 UNP Indian Government District A legally-designated area with self-governing status.
406 MUN2 Township Municipality An area of one, or part of one or more geographic townships incorporated as a township municipality.
407 MUN1 District Municipality A populated place incorporated as a district municipality.
408 MUN1 Regional Municipality A region with legally defined boundaries, incorporated under the provincial Municipal Act.
409 MUN2 Rural Municipality A municipal area in a predominently rural area.
410 MUN1 Regional District A division of the province incorporated as a regional district.
411 MUN1 County A named land division with legally defined boundaries.
412 MUN1 Region An upper tier municipality created by an act of the Newfoundland legislature.
413 MUN2 Health District Territory established for the special administrative purpose of health care.
414 MUN2 School District An area with defined boundaries from which the population for elementary and/or secondary schools is drawn.
415 MUN2 Improvement District A rural unit managed by the Government of Alberta.
416 MUN2 Electoral District Political land division established for the purpose of electing representatives. The electoral district could be federal, provincial, or municipal.
417 MUN2 Local Improvement District An incorporated place with a population of over 100.
418 MUN2 Indian Government District: Land Unit This is a subdivision of the Indian Government District.
419 MUN1 County Municipality An upper tier municipality which is a federation of towns, villages and townships (but not cities) within its boundaries.
420 MUN1 Restructured County A regional municipality.
421 MUN2 Special Area An area in Alberta so designated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council or by an order of the Minister or the Local Authorities Baord that is not already contained in any other type of municipality, Improvement District, or Special Area.
422 MUN2 Municipal Electoral District Political division established for the purpose of electing municipal representatives.
423 MUN2 Provincial Electoral District Political division established for the purpose of electing provincial representatives.
424 MUN1 Regional Municipality Administrative area encompassing a number of municipalities in a region, which is under the jurisdiction of an authority established by legislation.
425 MUN1 Regional Municipality Administrative district encompassing the municipalities of a metropolitan area, which is under the jurisdiction of an authority established by legislation.
426 MUN1 County Regional Municipality Territory comprising municipalities and, in some cases, unorganized territories, which is under the jurisdiction of an authority set out in a public act. Note: The acronym MRC is in common use.
427 MUN2 Unorganized Territory Territory not established as a local municipality.
428 MUN2 Judicial District Territorial division used in the administration of justice.
430 MUN1 Municipal County A named land division with legally-defined boundaries.
434 MUN2 Local Services Area A community with no municipal structure under the Ontario Municipal Act. A Local Services Board ensures that basic services are provided to the community.
435 MUN2 Local Development Area A community with no municipal structure under the Ontario Municipal Act. A Local Development Board provides services to the community similar to those provided by incorporated municipalities.
437 MUN1 Administrative Region (1966) Territorial division used in the organization of the activities of government departments or public institutions.
438 MUN1 Administrative Region (1985) Territorial division used in the organization of the activities of government departments or public institutions.
439 MUN1 Administrative Region Territorial division used in the organization of the activities of government departments or public institutions.
440 MUN2 Township Municipalities An area of one, or part of one or more geographic townships incorporated as a township municipality.
441 MUN1 Specialized Municipality A municipality established for any area where the Alberta Minister of Municipal Affairs deems it appropriate.
442 MUN1 Territory equivalent to an MRC Territory established for statistical purposes to complete the territorial coverage for county regional municipalities where none exist in Quebec.
445 GEOG Grant Lot Area of land ceded within a fief.
446 GEOG Grant
447 GEOG Registration Area Territorial division established for registration of land deeds and other rights, as well as certain personal rights stipulated in legislation.
450 GEOG Seigniory Feudal estate owned by a seigneur.
451 GEOG Grant Under the seigneurial regime, a parcel of land granted to an individual or to a group to which certain rights and duties were attached.
452 GEOG Grant Lot Subdivision Area of land ceded within an arrière-fief.
453 GEOG Cadastral Division
480 GEOG Country
481 GEOG County A named land division with legally defined boundaries.
482 GEOG Land District A territorial division with legally defined boundaries for administrative purposes.
483 GEOG Division Possibly refers to a ward.
484 GEOG Parish A territorial sub-division of a county, with legally defined boundaries.
485 GEOG Geographic Township A named land subdivision of a county or district, with legally defined boundaries.
486 GEOG Geographic District A named land division with legally defined boundaries.
487 MUN1 Regional District A division of the province incorporated as a regional district.
488 GEOG District A named land division with legally defined boundaries.
489 GEOG Parish Ecclesiastical district under the authority of a minister of religion (parish priest, pastor, etc).
490 GEOG Land Grant A parcel of land given formally or transferred legally to an individual or a company. This is usually a transfer of land from the Crown to the first land owner and is more of a historic term. May also be called a Crown Grant.
491 PROV Province The principal administrative division of Canada, it is a legally-defined area, as established by Articles of Confederation.
492 TERR Territory An administrative division of Canada, not yet admitted to the full rights of a province.
493 GEOG Region A relatively large territory with specific characteristics giving it a certain unity.
495 GEOG Township Territorial unit, generally rectangular in shape, used for the granting of public lands in freehold tenure. Note: From 1791 to the middle of the 19th century, the term township was used exclusively to designate this territorial unit.
496 GEOG Concession Area of land, made up of a series of parallel lots extending lenghtwise from a straight line, watercourse or road, along which dwellings may be placed.
497 GEOG County A named land division with legally defined boundaries.
498 GEOG Parish Ecclesiastical district under the authority of a minister of religion (parish priest, pastor, etc).
499 GEOG Lot A territorial division with legally defined boundaries.
500 GEOG Royalty A defined land entity, exclusive of lot divisions.
501 GEOG Census District Defined area for the official counting of the population.
502 GEOG Settlement A legally-designated land subdivision, usually with a scattered population. Metis settlements are included in this category.
504 GEOG Census Division Territorial division established for census taking purposes.
505 GEOG Administrative Region Region over which a special type of authority or jurisdiction is exercised. Note: This definition is of an administrative nature.
506 GEOG Geographic County A named land division with legally defined boundaries.
507 GEOG Gores Space remaining between two rangs, as a result of a cadastral division.
508 GEOG Region Relatively large area having identifying features which make it a fairly homogeneous entity.
510 TERR Territory An administrative division of Canada, not yet admitted to the full rights of a province.
511 GEOG Township A named land subdivision of a county or district; a historic term.
512 IR Indian Reserve Tract of land set apart for the use and benefit of a particular Indian band.
513 GEOG Administrative Region Territorial division used in the organization of the activities of government departments or public institutions.
514 GEOG Lots Named land subdivisions of a county or district; a historic term.
515 GEOG Geographic Township, Range A named land subdivision in a row (range) of a county or district, with legally defined boundaries.
516 PARK Migratory Bird Sanctuary A sanctuary for migratory birds, established under the Migratory Convention Act (1917).
517 PARK National Wildlife Area An area established under the Canada Wildlife Act (1973) to conserve essential habitat for migratory birds and, if in the national interest and supported by the provinces or territories, other wildlife species, especially wildlife.
518 PARK Provincial Heritage Property A site administered under the Provincial Heritage Conservation Act, which preserves, interprets and presents a live expression of human history at the site for the enjoyment and education of residents and visitors.
519 PARK Biosphere Reserve Representative territory recognized under the UNESCO program, Man and the Biosphere, as having fauna, flora or traces of human activity which are of international interest.
520 PARK Wildlife Refuge
521 PARK Managed Hunting Area Zone established by the government mainly for the purpose of controlling the exploitation of wildlife resources, and which may be managed by an approved organization, if the government delegates this function.
522 PARK Conservation Reserve Zone established by the government for the purpose of wildlife resource management. Note: The acronym 'zac' is also used.
523 PARK National Marine Conservation Area A designated marine area set aside in accordance with the National Marine Conservation Area Policy to protect and conserve for all time national marine areas of Canadian significance that are representative of the country’s ocean environments and the Great Lakes, and to encourage public understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment of this marine heritage so as to leave it unimpaired for future generations.
524 PARK Conservation Area Territory where fishing is prohibited or restricted. Note: this status will eventually disappear with the implementation of certain provisions of the Act respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife.
525 PARK Conservation Area Territory where hunting is prohibited or restricted. Note: this status will eventually disappear with the implementation of certain provisions of the Act respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife.
526 PARK National Marine Conservation Area A designated marine area set aside in accordance with the National Marine Conservation Area Policy to protect and conserve for all time national marine areas of Canadian significance that are representative of the country’s ocean environments and the Great Lakes, and to encourage public understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment of this marine heritage so as to leave it unimpaired for future generations.
527 PARK Protected Area Legally defined area under provincial jurisdiction containing archaeological and natural sites with unique or irreplaceable resources.
528 RES Experimental Farm
529 PARK Provincial Natural Park Area that posesses exceptional value in illustrating or interpreting the natural heritage of the province.
530 PARK Provincial Wilderness Park Area that will be perpetuated in a primitive state, free of development, and accessible only by non-mechanical means.
531 PARK Provincial Wayside Park Tract of land on a major traffic route, set aside for picnicking and related recreational activities.
532 PARK World Heritage Site One of over 500 cultural and natural properties, throughout the world, that is considered to be of outstanding universal value according to criteria drawn up by the World Heritage Committee.
533 PARK National Marine Conservation Area Reserve A designated marine area set aside in accordance with the National Marine Conservation Area Policy to protect and conserve for all time national marine areas of Canadian significance that are representative of the country’s ocean environments and the Great Lakes, and to encourage public understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment of this marine heritage so as to leave it unimpaired for future generations.
534 PARK National Marine Conservation Area Reserve A designated marine area set aside in accordance with the National Marine Conservation Area Policy to protect and conserve for all time national marine areas of Canadian significance that are representative of the country’s ocean environments and the Great Lakes, and to encourage public understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment of this marine heritage so as to leave it unimpaired for future generations.
535 PARK World Heritage Site One of over 500 cultural and natural properties, throughout the world, that is considered to be of outstanding universal value according to criteria drawn up by the World Heritage Committee.
536 PARK National Marine Park A legally-defined area, under federal jurisdiction.
537 PARK National Marine Park A legally-defined area, under federal jurisdiction.
538 PARK National Historic Site A place declared to be of national historic interest or significance by the Minister reponsible for the administration of the Historic Sites and Monuments Act.
539 PARK National Historic Site Any place declared to be of national historic interest or significance by the Minister of the Environment.
540 PARK Territorial Park A legally defined land area, under territorial jurisdiction, for camping, outdoor recreation and preservation of wildlife.
541 PARK National Wildlife Area An area established under the Canada Wildlife Act (1973) to conserve essential habitat for migratory birds and, if in the national interest and supported by the provinces or territories, other wildlife species, especially wildlife.
542 PARK Game Sanctuary A defined area, under territorial jurisdiction, for the protection of wildlife.
543 IR Indian Reserve Tract of land set apart for the use and benefit of a particular Indian band.
544 PARK National Park A legally-defined land area, under federal jurisdiction for camping, outdoor recreation and preservation of wildlife.
545 PARK Provincial Park Legally defined land area, under provincial jurisdiction, for camping, outdoor recreation, and preservation of wildlife.
546 PARK Provincial Game Sanctuary A unit of land and/or water on private and/or public land where it is unlawful to hunt, take or kill or attempt to take or kill any wildlife.
547 PARK Recreation Area Lands which are designated by Order in Council, and developed and maintained to facilitate their use and enjoyment for outdoor recreation.
548 PARK Provincial Heritage Park Park established to preserve and interpret key elements of Manitoba's natural and human history.
549 PARK Wildlife Management Area Tract of Crown land, designated to provide habitat for the management and preservation of wildlife.
550 PARK Public Park Green space set aside in an urban centre for the enjoyment of its residents.
551 PARK Hunting and Fishing Reserve Territory where hunting and fishing is prohibited or restricted. Note: this status will eventually disappear with the implementation of certain provisions of the Act respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife.
552 IR Indian Reserve Tract of land set apart for the use and benefit of a particular Indian band.
553 PARK Provincial Park Reserve Provincial park selected to represent the distinctive wildlife, natural habitats, bedrock and landforms; differing from other classes of provincial park in the special degree of protection provided.
554 PARK Bird Sanctuary A place for the preservation and protection of birds.
555 PARK Conservation Area An area with legally defined boundaries, set aside to protect or preserve the natural heritage of the area.
556 PARK Game Preserve Tract of land provincially designated to provide habitat for the management and preservation of wildlife.
557 PARK Provincial Forest Legally-defined land area, under provincial jurisdiction, reserved for the perpetual growth of timber and managed to provide for a reasonable use of all resources that the forest lands contain.
558 PARK Camp Site A designated area in a natural setting which adults, families and groups may visit year-round, and where they may enjoy outdoor activities.
559 PARK Conservation Park Park set aside mainly as a means of permanently protecting lands which are representative of the natural regions of Quebec or constitute outstanding natural sites.
560 PARK Recreation Park Park set aside mainly to allow enjoyment of a variety of outdoor recreation activities, in harmony with the natural environment.
561 PARK Migratory Bird Sanctuary A sanctuary for migratory birds, established under the Migratory Convention Act (1917).
562 PARK Park Place maintained for use and enjoyment by the public.
563 PARK Refuge As established under the Wildlife Act, a designated area in which the hunting of wildlife of certain species is prohibited.
564 PARK Historic Site Place where events of historical importance took place, or where historical objects or monuments are located.
565 PARK Provincial Recreation Park Spacious area close to concentrations of people, the natural attributes of which make it possible to serve large numbers of recreational users without degradation of the natural resources of the area.
566 PARK Forest Reserve Legally defined land area, under provincial jurisdiction, reserved for the perpetual growth of timber and managed to provide for a reasonable use of all resources that the forest lands contain.
567 PARK Provincial Game Sanctuary - Waterfowl A unit of land and/or water on private and/or public land where it is unlawful to hunt, take or kill or attempt to take or kill any wildlife.
568 PARK Provincial Wildlife Management Area A unit of land and/or water on private and/or public land where flexible regulations apply to the management and/or harvest of wildlife.
569 PARK Managed Hunting Area A designated tract of land subject to special hunting controls.
570 PARK Provincial Historic Village Site where replicas, reconstructions, or actual buildings are established as a representation of a village. Activities suitable to the time period are performed.
571 PARK Provincial Historic Village Site where replicas, reconstructions, or actual buildings are established as a representation of a village. Activities suitable to the time period are performed.
572 PARK Wildlife Refuge Small tract of land designated to provide habitat for the management and preservation of wildlife.
573 PARK Wildlife Sanctuary Tract of Crown land, designated to provide habitat for the management and preservation of wildlife.
574 PARK Historic Site A place, usually marked by a plaque, noted in history for some event or incident that took place during its exploration or founding.
575 PARK Municipal Park An area developed as a park and/or green open space, leased and/or owned by a municipality.
576 PARK Conservation Reserve Land set aside for the purpose of protecting natural heritage areas and natural features on public land and preserving traditional public land uses including wildlife viewing, hunting, fishing, walking, snowshoeing, cross country skiing.
577 PARK Picnic Area A designated area with picnic tables, but no camping facilities.
578 PARK Protected Area A clearly defined geographical space recognized, dedicated, and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.
579 PARK Provincial Nature Reserve Provincial park selected to represent the distinctive wildlife, natural habitats, bedrock and landforms; differing from other classes of provincial park in the special degree of protection provided.
580 PARK International Park A tract of land set aside by a provincial and/or federal jurisdiction at, or close to the boundary with the United States.
581 PARK Game Refuge A defined area, under provincial jurisdiction, for the protection of wildlife.
582 PARK International Park A tract of land set aside by a provincial and/or federal jurisdiction at, or close to the boundary with the United States.
583 PARK Regional Park Park administered by a regional district.
584 PARK Ecological Reserve Public lands set aside to preserve these lands in their natural state, protect threatened plant and animal species, and provide opportunities for scientific research and education.
585 PARK Provincial Historic Park Historic park administered by the province.
586 PARK National Park Legally defined land area, under federal jurisdiction for camping, outdoor recreation and preservation of wildlife.
587 PARK Ecological Reserve As established under The Ecological Reserves Act, a designated area set aside for the study of the interrelationship of living things, including humans and plants, with their respective environments.
589 PARK Zoological Garden Garden or park where wild or exotic animals are kept in captivity, for the public's education and enjoyment. Note: In French, the abbreviation for jardin zoologique is zoo, which is pronounced (zoo), not (zu).
590 PARK Wildlife Reserve Territory established to protect wildlife, where the utilization of resources is subject to regulations.
591 PARK Recreation Site Legally defined land area and adjacent waters, under provincial jurisdiction, considered to be suitable for recreational purposes.
592 PARK Provincial Historic Site Property, whether a site of nature or a work of man, that is of interest for its architectural, historical, cultural, environmental, aesthetic, or scientific value.
593 PARK Wildlife Management Unit Tract of Crown land, designated to provide habitat for the management and preservation of wildlife.
594 PARK Provincial Marine Park A park designated and administered by the Province, primarily for water-oriented activities, that may or may not be only accessible by boat.
595 PARK Provincial Historic Site Property, whether a site of nature or a work of man, that is of interest for its architectural, historical, cultural, environmental, aesthetic, or scientific value.
596 PARK Wilderness Area Area set aside for the preservation of its wilderness character and the protection of its flora and fauna.
597 PARK National Park Reserve Lands set aside for the establishment of a National Park, but clear title to which is subject to the resolution of native land claims.
598 PARK National Park Reserve Lands set aside for the establishment of a National Park, but clear title to which is subject to the resolution of native land claims.
599 PARK Provincial Recreation Area Lands which are designated by Order in Council, and developed and maintained to facilitate their use and enjoyment for outdoor recreation.
600 RIV River Watercourse of variable size, which has tributaries and flows into a body of water or a larger watercourse.
601 RIV Brook Small watercourse, often a tributary to a river, stream, or creek.
602 RIV Creek Watercourse, usually smaller than a river.
603 RIV Outlet Watercourse draining from a lake.
604 RIV Pup Small watercourse, possibly intermittent.
605 RIV Drain Small watercourse, tributary to a river or creek, and usually modified by ditching through relatively flat terrain.
606 RIV River Large watercourse flowing into the sea.
607 RIV Canal A natural or man-made freshwater channel used for navigation, irrigation, etc.
610 RIV Branch Tributary or distributary of a watercourse.
612 RIV Gully Small watercourse.
613 RIV Millstream / Mill Stream Small watercourse with a mill site.
614 RIV Stream Small, natural watercourse receiving its water from a small-sized catchment basin.
615 RIV Run A small, narrow and fast flowing watercourse.
616 RIV Runoff Watercourse draining from a lake.
617 RIV Stream Watercourse, smaller than a river.
621 RIV River Watercourse of variable size, which has tributaries and flows into a body of water or a larger watercourse.
622 RIV Drain Small natural or man-made watercourse; a drainage ditch.
623 RIV Branch Each of the branches of a main watercourse.
624 RIV Brook Small watercourse.
626 RIV Outlet Outlet or small watercourse draining from a lake, pond, or basin.
627 RIV Dribble Very small watercourse.
628 RIV Feeder Small watercourse, tributary to larger watercourse.
629 RIV Fork Small stream, tributary to a larger one.
630 RIV Creek Small or very small watercourse.
631 RIV Inlet Watercourse flowing into a sea or lake.
632 RIV Ditch Small watercourse.
634 RIV Gulch A small stream.
635 RIV Fork Branch of a stream.
636 RIV Coulée The stream flowing at the bottom of a depression.
637 RIV Overflow A small drain or stream.
638 RIV Ditches Small watercourse. Plural of Ditch (1) (632).
639 RIV Canals A natural or man-made freshwater channel used for navigation, irrigation, etc. Plural of Canal (1) (607).
640 RIV Channel Water flowing down a gradient.
641 RIV Rivulet A small stream.
643 RIV Creeks Watercourse, usually smaller than a river. Plural of Creek (1) (602).
645 RIV Runs A small, narrow and fast flowing watercourse. Plural of Run (1) (615).
646 RIV Gullies Small watercourse. Plural of Gully (1) (612).
647 RIV Rivers Watercourse of variable size, which has tributaries and flows into a body of water or a larger watercourse. Plural of River (600).
648 RIV Brooks Small watercourse, often a tributary to a river, stream or creek. Plural of Brook (601).
649 RIV Rivers Watercourse of a variable size, which has tributaries and flows into a body of water or a larger watercourse. Plural of Rivière (621).
650 RIV Coulee The stream flowing at the bottom of a depression.
651 RIV River Segment Part of a river, which is named in Amerindian or Inuit environments.
652 RIV Drain Natural or artificial channel which collects run-off water.
653 RIV Gut A small watercourse. Formerly 1210.
654 RIV River segment Part of a river, which is named in Amerindian or Inuit environments.
700 RIVF Bend Change in the direction of a watercourse.
701 RIVF River Junction A point where two or more flowing water bodies meet.
703 RIVF Forks Junction of two streams; a confluence. Plural of Fork (2) (759).
704 RIVF Reach Relatively straight section of a river, lake, or inlet.
705 RIVF Oxbow A horseshoe-shaped loop, either part of or detached from a meandering watercourse.
706 RIVF River Mouth The point where a river flows into another body of water.
708 RIV Snye Subsidiary channel to the main channel of a watercourse.
710 RIVF Pool Deep or still place in a watercourse.
711 RIVF Deadwater Stretch of a watercourse where the surface appears motionless.
712 RIVF Stillwater Stretch of a watercourse where the surface appears motionless.
713 RIVF Bogan A narrow backwater inlet of a flowing watercourse; may be filled with stagnant water.
714 RIVF Cove A narrow backwater inlet adjacent to a flowing water feature; similar to a bogan.
715 RIVF Crossing A short stretch of stream where a boat, following a channel, crosses from one side to another.
716 RIVF Elbow Sharp turn in watercourse.
717 RIVF Hole An area of deep water in a river where the surface appears motionless.
719 RIVF Pothole Stretch of a watercourse where the surface appears motionless.
722 RIVF Padou Narrow backwater inlet joined to a flowing watercourse.
724 RIV Runround Subsidiary channel to the main channel of a watercourse.
725 RIVF Turn Distinct curve in a water body.
726 RIVF Turns Distinct curve in a water body. Plural of Turn (725).
727 RIVF Fork Junction of two watercourses.
728 RIVF Confluence Junction of two watercourses.
729 RAP Whirlpool A constant, rapid, circular movement of the water.
730 RAP Rapids Fast-flowing section of a watercourse, usually with turbulent water or exposed rocks. Plural of Rapid (735).
731 FALL Falls Perpendicular or steep descent of water. Plural of Fall (734).
732 FALL Cascade Waterfall with a small flow, normally descending over several levels.
733 FALL Cascades Waterfall with a small flow, normally descending over several levels. Plural of Cascade (732).
734 FALL Fall Perpendicular or steep descent of water.
735 RAP Rapid Fast-flowing section of a watercourse, usually with turbulent water or exposed rocks.
736 FALL Waterfall Mass of water falling abruptly, at a break in the descent of a watercourse.
737 RIVF Dump Small waterfall and pool below it.
740 RIV Guzzle A small watercourse.
742 RAP Rip Fast-flowing section of a watercourse, usually with turbulent water or exposed rocks.
743 RAP Rips Fast-flowing section of a watercourse, usually with turbulent water or exposed rocks. Plural of Rip (1) (742).
744 FALL Falls Break in the descent of a watercourse.
746 RIV Current Narrow channel with strong water currents.
747 RIV Channel Alternative course in a flowing water body, or a distributary within a delta.
748 RIVF Ford Shallow part of a watercourse that may be crossed on foot, on horseback, or by land vehicle.
749 RIVF Slough Backwater area, usually marshy; or a meander channel cut off from the main drainage.
750 RAP Rapids Section of a watercourse, often strewn with rocks, where the flow of water becomes rapid and turbulent as a result of a narrowing of the bed or a slight increase in gradient. Plural of Rapide (762).
751 RAP Rattle Rapids, or a fast-flowing stretch of a watercourse.
752 RAP Cataract Series of major unnavigable rapids.
753 RIVF Current Part of a mass of water which moves in a set direction.
755 RIVF Crossing A shallow place in a stream that can be easily traversed.
757 RIVF Salmon Hole Part of a stream that is generally deeper and less fast-flowing than the surrounding waters, used as a rest area by salmon in their ascent to the spawning grounds.
758 RAP Riffle Fast-flowing section of a watercourse, usually with turbulent water or exposed rocks.
759 RIVF Fork Junction of two streams; a confluence.
760 RIVF Bend Bend in the path of a watercourse
761 RIVF Meander Pronounced curve in the path of a watercourse, characterized by undercutting of the concave bank and alluvial deposits on the convex bank.
762 RAP Rapid Section of a watercourse, often strewn with rocks, where the flow of water becomes rapid and turbulent as a result of a narrowing of the bed or a slight increase in gradient.
763 RAP Eddy Place in a stream where water swirls in a direction contrary to the current.
765 RIVF Horseshoe A bend in a river shaped like a horseshoe.
766 FALL Falls Mass of water falling abruptly, at a break in the descent of a watercourse. Plural of Chute (736).
768 FALL Waterfall Perpendicular or steep descent of water; variant of Fall.
769 RIVF Basin Expansion of a body of running water.
770 RIVF Stillwaters Stretch of a watercourse where the surface appears motionless. Plural of Stillwater (712).
771 RIVF Deadwaters Stretch of a watercourse where the surface appears motionless. Plural of Deadwater (711).
772 RIVF Pools Deep or still place in a watercourse. Plural of Pool (1) (710).
773 RAP Run Fast flowing section of a watercourse.
774 RAP Runs Fast flowing section of a watercourse. Plural of Run (2) (773).
775 RIVF Fishing Pool A section in the watercourse where there is good fishing.
776 RIVF Fishing Pools See Fishing Pool (775) Plural of Fishing Pool (775).
777 RIVF Fishing Hole A section in the watercourse where there is good fishing.
778 RAP Whirlpools A constant, rapid, circular movement of the water. Plural of Whirlpool (729).
779 RIVF Bends Change in the direction of a watercourse. Plural of Bend (1) (700).
781 RIVF Shallows A shoal in a river.
782 RIVF Flumes Narrow fast-flowing section of a watercourse.
783 RIVF Stretch Relatively straight section of a river, lake or inlet.
787 RIVF Meanders Pronounced curve in the path of a watercourse, characterized by undercutting of the concave bank and alluvial deposits on the convex bank. Plural of Méandre (761).
793 RIVF Elbow Prominent angle in a watercourse at an abrupt change of stream direction.
795 RIV Drain Watercourse that is artificially regulated by land drainage works.
796 RIVF Fishing Hole A section in the watercourse where there is good fishing.
797 RIVF Fishing Holes A section in the watercourse where there is good fishing. Plural of Lieu de pêche (796).
798 RIVF Inlet A place where a stream flows into the sea, a lake, or another stream to which it is a tributary.
799 RIVF Mouth The point where a flowing water feature enters another body of water.
951 LAKE Lake Inland body of standing water.
952 LAKE Lakes Inland body of standing water. Plural of Lake (951).
953 LAKE Pond Inland body of standing water, usually smaller than a lake.
954 LAKE Ponds Inland body of standing water, usually smaller than a lake. Plural of Pond (1) (953).
955 LAKE Reservoir Body of water maintained at a controlled level, the stored water being used mainly for utilitarian purposes.
956 LAKE Slough Shallow water-filled or marshy depression with no external drainage.
957 LAKE Lagoon Body of water, separated from a lake, river, or sea by a narrow land barrier, which may completely enclose it or leave a shallow passageway into it.
958 LAKE Barasway Area of salt water of shallow depth, comparable in size to a pond or small bay, and partly obstructed by a bank of mud, sand or gravel; variant of Barachois.
959 LAKE Flowage Shallow area of water, usually formed by the damming of a watercourse.
960 LAKE Hole Small lake or pond.
961 LAKE Lake Inland body of standing water; variant of Lake.
962 LAKE Pond Small lake.
963 LAKE Millpond / Mill Pond Water contained behind the dam at a mill site.
964 LAKE Pool A small body of water completely surrounded by land.
965 LAKE Pothole Shallow water-filled or marshy depression with no external drainage.
966 LAKE Pughole / Pug Hole Small pond.
967 LAKE Mal Bay Tidal pond almost completely cut off from the sea by a bar.
968 LAKE Pond Small, shallow body of stagnant water that occasionally dries.
969 LAKE Sloughs Shallow water-filled or marshy depression with no external drainage. Plural of Slough (2) (956).
970 LAKE Lake Inland body of fresh water, generally with an outlet, or an enlargement of a river involving the deposit of sediment.
971 LAKE Gully A small body of water usually in marshy or bog lands.
972 LAKE Lakes Inland body of fresh water, generally with an outlet, or an enlargement of a river involving the deposit of sediment. Plural of Lac (970).
973 LAKE Lagoon Body of salty or brackish water, separated from the sea by a coastal barrier through which there are usually openings.
974 LAKE Pond Shallow body of water, often colonized by vegetation.
975 LAKE Barachois Area of salt water of shallow depth, comparable in size to a pond or small bay, and partly obstructed by a bank of mud, sand or gravel.
976 LAKE Gullies A small body of water usually in marshy or bog lands. Plural of Gully (2) (971).
977 LAKE Potholes Shallow water-filled or marshy depression with no external drainage. Plural of Pothole (2) (965).
979 LAKE Lake Inland body of standing water; variant of Lake.
980 LAKE Basin A water feature similar to a lake or pond.
981 LAKE Holes Small lake or pond. Plural of Hole (2) (960).
982 LAKE Pond An inland body of standing water. This feature is typical of Newfoundland and Labrador. In most other provinces the generic "Lake" would be used.
983 LAKE Ponds An inland body of standing water. This feature is typical of Newfoundland and Labrador. In most other provinces the generic "Lakes" would be used. Plural of Pond (2) (982).
984 LAKE Pools A small body of water completely surrounded by land. Plural of Pool (2) (964).
985 LAKE Ponds Shallow body of water, often colonized by vegetation. Plural of Étang (974).
986 LAKE Steady Still water of a brook or river, not apparently affected by stream flow.
987 LAKE Steadies Still water of a brook or river, not apparently affected by stream flow. Plural of Steady (986).
988 LAKE Ponds Small, shallow body of stagnant water that occasionally dries. Plural of Mare (968).
989 LAKE Waters Cluster of small standing water features.
990 LAKE Tarn Small, mountain-rimmed lake.
991 LAKE Tarns Small, mountain-rimmed lake. Plural of Tarn (990).
992 LAKE Artificial Lake Body of water formed by human effort, intended mainly for recreational use.
993 LAKE Artificial Lakes Body of water formed by human effort, intended mainly for recreational use. Plural of Lac artificiel (992).
994 LAKE Part of a Lake Named part of a lake.
995 LAKE Part of a Reservoir Particular section of a reservoir; has a name.
996 LAKE Reservoir Body of water maintained at a controlled level, the stored water being used mainly for utilitarian purposes.
997 LAKE Aboiteau Freshwater reservoir at sea level.
998 LAKE Part of a Lake A defined portion of a lake.
1150 SPRG Spring Site of a natural flow of water issuing from the ground.
1151 SPRG Springs Site of a natural flow of water issuing from the ground. Plural of Spring (1150).
1152 SPRG Hotspring / Hot Spring Site of a natural flow of hot or warm water issuing from the ground.
1153 SPRG Hotsprings / Hot Springs Site of a natural flow of hot or warm water issuing from the ground. Plural of Hotspring / Hot Spring (1152).
1154 SPRG Spring Point from which ground water flows.
1158 SPRG Springs Point from which ground water flows. Plural of Source (1154).
1200 CHAN Canal A narrow, saltwater passage between bodies of land.
1201 CHAN Channel Narrow stretch of water, either an inlet or a connection between two bodies of water.
1202 CHAN Channels Narrow stretch of water, either an inlet or a connection between two bodies of water. Plural of Channel (3) (1201).
1203 CHAN Narrows Constricted section of a water body.
1204 CHAN Strait Passage, usually navigable, connecting two larger bodies of water.
1205 CHAN Sound Large body of water from which two or more inlets, arms, or channels branch off.
1206 CHAN Pass Narrow stretch of water connecting two larger water bodies.
1207 CHAN Passage Narrow stretch of water connecting two larger water bodies.
1208 CHAN Tickle Narrow stretch of saltwater; usually with hazardous tides, currents and rocks.
1209 CHAN Opening Narrow water passage between two bodies of land.
1210 CHAN Gut A narrow channel between two larger bodies of water. Formerly 1219.
1211 CHAN Straits Passage, usually navigable, connecting two larger bodies of water. Plural of Strait (1204).
1212 SEA Ocean Large body of salt water, global in scale.
1213 SEA Sea A sub-division of salt water next in size to an ocean, partly and sometimes wholly, enclosed by land.
1214 CHAN Chokey Narrow channel between islands in a river.
1215 CHAN Dugway Narrow stretch of water, either an inlet or a connection between two bodies of water.
1216 CHAN Entrance Outer end of a channel, harbour, or other water feature; usually allowing access to the waters within.
1217 CHAN Gap Narrow water passage between two bodies of land.
1218 CHAN Gulch Saltwater channel.
1220 CHAN Guzzle A very narrow, shallow saltwater channel between two bodies of land; possibly in an area of tidal flats.
1221 CHAN Hole Small narrow channel.
1222 CHAN Inlet Narrow stretch of water connecting two larger water bodies.
1224 CHAN Run Narrow water passage.
1225 CHAN Sluice Shallow, constricted, saltwater passage.
1227 CHAN Way Narrow navigable stretch of water, giving access to a harbour.
1228 CHAN Thoroughfare Narrow channel joining two water bodies.
1229 CHAN Cut Artificial channel through marsh and other low-lying land.
1230 CHAN Pass Short and narrow natural waterway, between land areas or shoals
1231 CHAN Channel Natural or man-made navigable waterway between land or shoals.
1233 CHAN Strait Natural passage between two shores and connecting two bodies of water.
1235 CHAN Traverse Marine Channel.
1236 CHAN Creek A long narrow water body joining two larger water bodies.
1237 CHAN Corners A point where 2 or more channels meet (in a lake).
1239 CHAN Runs Narrow water passage. Plural of Run (3) (1224).
1240 CHAN Basin Body of water, usually equidimensional in plan, connected to larger body of water by one or more passages.
1242 CHAN Basin Body of water often joined to another water area.
1243 CHAN Gully Narrow passage between an inland body of water and the open sea.
1244 CHAN Gully Narrow saltwater passage between two bodies of water.
1246 CHAN Pass Short and narrow natural waterway, between land areas or shoals. Plural of Passe (1230).
1248 SEA Sea Large body of salt water, distinguished from oceans by the smaller area of abyssal zones, and by the often greater extension of continental shelves.
1249 CHAN Channels Natural or man-made navigable waterway between land or shoals. Plural of Chenal (1231).
1250 SEA Ocean Large body of salt water, global in scale.
1352 SEAF Rip Turbulent water where tidal currents meet.
1353 SEAF Rips Turbulent water where tidal currents meet. Plural of Rip (2) (1352).
1354 SEAF Tidal Flow Movement of water between two areas of land, caused by the rise and fall of the tide.
1355 SEAF Tickles Narrow stretch of saltwater; usually with hazardous tides, currents and rocks. Plural of Tickle (1208).
1356 SEAF Tittle Swiftly flowing saltwater in a small narrow channel with rocks and reefs, which constitutes a danger to navigation.
1358 SEAF Tidal Rapids Constricted passage with strong tidal current.
1400 BAY Bay Water area in an indentation of the shoreline of a sea, lake, or large river.
1401 BAY Road Sheltered body of water.
1402 BAY Arm Long narrow extension of a water body.
1403 BAY Fiord Long, narrow, deep, and steep-sided inlet of the sea, along a mountainous coast.
1404 BAY Gulf Large inlet of the sea.
1405 BAY Harbour Sheltered water in a shoreline indentation, suitable for mooring or anchoring vessels.
1406 BAY Anchorage An area of water in which vessels can anchor; usually sheltered water.
1407 BAY Cove Water area in a small indentation of the shoreline of a sea, lake or river.
1408 BAY Coves Water area in a small indentation of the shoreline of a sea, lake or river. Plural of Cove (2) (1407).
1409 BAY Motion Turbulent water at the meeting of strong currents or from ocean swells.
1410 BAY Creek Narrow tidal inlet, usually with a watercourse flowing at its head.
1411 BAY Inlet Elongated body of water extending from a sea or lake.
1412 BAY Bight Water area in a broad indentation of the shoreline.
1413 BAY Hole Small cove.
1417 BAY Creek Small, deep, rugged recess in a rocky shore, offering natural shelter for boats.
1418 RAP Eddy Small whirlpool in a watercourse or in the sea, running contrary to the direction of current or tide.
1419 BAY Estuary The tidal area at the mouth of a watercourse, where marine phenomena predominate over river phenomena.
1421 BAY Goulet A body of standing water, often a saltwater harbour, with a narrow entrance.
1422 BAY Gully A small cove into which a small watercourse enters.
1423 BAY Haven Sheltered water area suitable for mooring or anchoring vessels.
1424 BAY Hole Small cove.
1426 BAY Port Inlet, or part of an inlet, providing shelter to vessels; a bay.
1427 BAY Soi Saltwater basin connected to the sea.
1428 BAY Sound Arm of the sea or a lake; inlet.
1429 BAY Lead An inlet of water extending from a brook to a larger standing water feature.
1431 BAY Creek A narrow inlet of coastal, river or lake water at sea level.
1432 BAY Cove Indentation in the line of a coast or shore, rounded in form and small in size.
1433 BAY Bay Deep indentation of a coastline or shore.
1434 BAY Fiord Steep-walled glacial valley occupied by the sea.
1435 BAY Harbour Body of water generally protected by natural or artificial barriers, where vessels can berth or anchor.
1436 BAY Anchorage Broad sheltered expanse of water having an outlet to the sea, where vessels can find good anchorages.
1437 BAY Basin Part of a watercourse which has been widened and deepened, generally located at the foot of a change of gradient, where the water is calmer than in the adjoining areas.
1438 BAY Anchorage Water area favourable for dropping anchor.
1439 BAY Pool A comparatively still deep place in a harbour.
1440 BAY Bite Water area in a broad indentation of the shoreline; variant of Bight.
1441 BAY Arm Lateral subdivision of a watercourse due to the presence of an island.
1444 BAY Oxbow Branch no longer serving as a channel for a watercourse, often filled with stagnant water.
1445 BAY Estuary Widened mouth of a river, where marine phenomena predominate over river phenomena.
1446 BAY Gulf Very large indentation in the coastline.
1448 BAY Bays Water area in an indentation of the shoreline of a sea, lake or large river. Plural of Bay (1400).
1449 BAY Harbours Sheltered water in a shoreline indentation, suitable for mooring or anchoring vessels. Plural of Harbour (1) (1405).
1450 BAY Holes Small cove. Plural of Hole (4) (1424).
1451 BAY Roads Sheltered body of water. Plural of Road (1) (1401).
1452 BAY Gullies A small cove into which a small watercourse enters. Plural of Gully (4) (1422).
1453 BAY Basin A water feature similar to a cove or bay; may be tidal.
1455 BAY Gulch Narrow cove with steep shoreline.
1456 BAY Gulches Narrow cove with steep shoreline. Plural of Gulch (3) (1455).
1457 BAY Coves Indentation in the line of a coast or shore, rounded in form and small in size. Plural of Anse (1432).
1458 BAY Bays Deep indentation of a coastline or shore. Plural of Baie (1433).
1459 BAY Basins Part of a watercourse which has been widened and deepened, generally located at the foot of a change of gradient, where the water is calmer than in the adjoining areas. Plural of Bassin (1437).
1460 BAY Bottom Head of a cove or bay.
1461 BAY Oxbows Branch no longer serving as a channel for a watercourse, often filled with stagnant water. Plural of Bras mort (1444).
1463 BAY Backside Water area across a narrow neck of land from the main harbour or cove.
1464 BAY Gut A small tidal inlet. Formerly 1241.
1465 BAY Part of a bay Named part of a bay.
1600 CAPE Cape Prominent elevated projection of land extending into a body of water.
1601 CAPE Head High, prominent land feature extending into a sea or lake.
1602 CAPE Isthmus Narrow neck of land, bordered on both sides by water, and connecting two larger land areas.
1603 CAPE Peninsula Elongated projection of land into a body of water.
1604 CAPE Point Land area jutting into a water feature; also used for a convex change in direction of a shoreline.
1605 CAPE Promontory High, prominent, land feature extending into a sea or lake.
1606 CAPE Headland High, prominent, land feature extending into a sea or lake; variant of Head (1).
1607 CAPE Foreland Land area jutting into a water feature.
1608 CAPE Spit Long, low, narrow projection of unconsolidated material extending into a body of water.
1609 CAPE Points Land area jutting into a water feature; also used for a convex change in direction of a shoreline. Plural of Point (1604).
1610 CAPE Heights Area of high land rising above the adjacent land or water.
1611 CAPE Land Terrain distinguishable from its surroundings.
1612 CAPE Coast The part of the land adjoining the sea.
1613 CAPE Arch Opening through a mass of rock, along a shoreline caused by wind or wave action; having the appearance of an arch.
1614 CLF Bank Abrupt slope at the edge of a water body.
1615 CLF Cliff A steep rock face projecting nearly vertically from a body of water.
1616 CAPE Coast A narrow strip of land bordering on water.
1618 CAPE End Land area jutting into a water feature.
1619 CAPE Hummock Small rounded hill.
1620 CAPE Neck Narrow strip of land extending into a body of water, sometimes joining two larger land masses.
1621 CAPE Nose A promontory extending into the sea.
1622 CAPE Sand Point A narrow sandbank protruding into a river or lake.
1623 CAPE Seaside Narrow stretch of land bordering the sea.
1624 CAPE Head Projection of land, usually high and massive, jutting into a body of water.
1625 CLF Bluff A shoreline terrain elevation with an almost perpendicular face.
1626 CAPE Bill Long narrow promontory or small point.
1627 CAPE Point Elongated projection of land, generally of low elevation, jutting out into a body of water.
1628 CAPE Peninsula Land almost completely surrounded by water but still connected to the adjacent shore.
1629 CAPE Cap Elevated, massive projection of land, jutting into a body of water; variation of Cape.
1630 CAPE Capes Elevated, massive projection of land, jutting into a body of water. Plural of Cap (1) (1629).
1631 CAPE Peninsula Projection of a land mass into the sea or a large lake.
1632 CAPE Bend Change in the direction of a shoreline.
1633 CLF Cliff Escarpment or steep slope shaped by the sea.
1639 CAPE Delta Fan-shaped alluvial land at the mouth of a river, usually with distributaries, channels, and small lakes.
1640 CAPE Promontory Land projection of great size, normally high and massive, jutting into a body of water.
1641 CLF Cliffs A steep rock face projecting nearly vertically from a body of water. Plural of Cliff (1) (1615).
1642 CAPE Capes Prominent elevated projection of land extending into a body of water. Plural of Cape (1600).
1643 CLF Bluffs A shoreline terrain elevation with an almost perpendicular face. Plural of Bluff (1) (1625).
1644 CAPE Heads High, prominent land feature extending into a sea or lake. Plural of Head (1) (1601).
1645 CAPE Hummocks Small rounded hill. Plural of Hummock (1) (1619).
1646 CLF Cliffs Escarpment or steep slope shaped by the sea. Plural of Falaise (1633).
1647 CAPE Points Elongated projection of land, generally of low elevation, jutting out into a body of water. Plural of Pointe (1627).
1648 CAPE Spit Narrow, elongated strip of land separating two bodies of water.
1649 CAPE Arches Opening through a mass of rock, along a shoreline caused by wind or wave action; having the appearance of an arch. Plural of Arch (1613).
1650 CAPE Coasts/ Shores A narrow strip of land bordering on water. Plural of Côte (1) (1616).
1651 CLF Blow-Me-Down / Blow Me Down Abrupt or isolated hill or headland rising steeply from the water and subject to sudden down-drafts of wind.
1652 CLF Bank Rising land bordering a watercourse.
1653 CAPE Part of a coastline Part of a coast line.
1900 BCH Beach Gently sloping shore of unconsolidated material along the margins of a sea, lake, or river.
1901 BCH Bar A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other unconsolidated material extending across the mouth of a river, harbour or bay and which may obstruct navigation.
1902 BCH Breaker Seafloor elevation causing the breaking of waves.
1903 BCH Breakers Seafloor elevation causing the breaking of waves. Plural of Breaker (1902).
1904 BCH Sand Bar Ridge or narrow shoal of sand formed in a river or along a shore by the action of currents or tides, and exposed at low water.
1905 BCH Sand Bar Flat portion of a shore or shoal of sand or rock affected by the fluctuation of water in a stream or along the shore.
1906 BCH Dune An offshore sandy, spit-like beach.
1907 BCH Flat Level area of land usually composed of fine material, extending from the shore.
1908 BCH Flats Level area of land usually composed of fine material, extending from the shore. Plural of Flat (1) (1907).
1909 BCH Shore Narrow stretch of land bordering a body of water.
1910 BCH Beach Open portion of a shore, having a gentle slope and composed of sand or pebbles.
1912 BCH Strand Part of the shore which is exposed at low tide.
1913 BCH Beach Open, slightly sloping section of a shore, composed of coarse material.
1915 BCH Sandspit A long, low, narrow projection of sand extending into a body of water.
1916 BCH Bar Ridge which forms at the mouth of a river or parallel to the shore.
1918 BCH Spur Projecting portion of a larger geographical feature, such as a continental slope, sill or undersea ridge.
1919 BCH Gradins de plage Beach berms.
1920 BCH Shore Strip of land bordering a body of water; sea, lake, or river.
1922 BCH Beaches Gently sloping shore of unconsolidated material along the margins of a sea, lake or river. Plural of Beach (1900).
1923 BCH Bars Ridge which forms at the mouth of a river or parallel to the shore. Plural of Barre (1916).
1924 BCH Flats Flat portion of a shore or shoal of sand or rock affected by the fluctuation of water in a stream or along the shore. Plural of Batture (1905).
1926 BCH Beaches Open, slightly sloping section of a shore, composed of coarse material. Plural of Grève (1913).
1930 BCH Spit Strip of sand or gravel near the shore of a sea, lake, or river, having at least one end terminating in open water.
1931 BCH Strand Narrow strip of land bordering a body of water.
1932 BCH Strands Narrow strip of land bordering a body of water. Plural of Strand (1931).
1933 BCH Raised Beach A beach or wave-cut platform raised above the shoreline by a relative fall in the sea level.
1934 BCH Tidal Flat A broad flat area, very close to sea level, which is flooded and drained with each rise and fall of the tide.
2000 SHL Bank An elevation over which the depth of water is relatively shallow, but normally sufficient for safe surface navigation.
2001 SHL Banks An elevation over which the depth of water is relatively shallow, but normally sufficient for safe surface navigation. Plural of Bank (2) (2000).
2002 SHL Reef Rocks rising to or near the surface of a body of water.
2003 SHL Reefs Rocks rising to or near the surface of a body of water. Plural of Reef (2002).
2004 SHL Shoals Elevation of the bed of a body of water; composed of unconsolidated material and posing a hazard to surface navigation. Plural of Shoal (2005).
2005 SHL Shoal Elevation of the bed of a body of water; composed of unconsolidated material and posing a hazard to surface navigation.
2006 SHL Ledge Flat rock area, either projecting from a land mass into the water or rising from the sea floor.
2008 SHL Trough Long depression of the seafloor, characteristically flat-bottomed and steep-sided.
2009 SHL Plain A flat, gently sloping or nearly level region at abyssal depths.
2010 SHL Bar An offshore ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other unconsolidated material, perpendicular to or parallel with the shore.
2013 SHL Shoal or Patch A submerged area of unconsolidated material where the shallowness of water constitutes a danger to surface navigation.
2014 SHL Chuckle Rocks at the entrance of a cove, where the water is turbulent.
2015 SHL Ground Underwater feature, close to the surface and dangerous to navigation.
2016 SHL Grounds Underwater feature, close to the surface and dangerous to navigation. Plural of Ground (2015).
2019 SHL Knoll Small, rounded, isolated elevation of the seabed.
2021 SHL Patch Elevation of the bed of a body of water; composed of unconsolidated material and posing a hazard to surface navigation.
2022 SHL Peak Prominent seabed elevation, either pointed or of a very limited extent across the summit.
2023 SHL Ridge Long narrow elevation of the seafloor.
2024 SHL Rock Small mass of rock usually projecting above the water surface.
2025 SHL Spot Small shoal.
2026 SHL Sunker Submerged rock over which the sea breaks.
2027 SHL Sand Bank / Sandbank Abrupt slope at the edge of a water body.
2028 SHL Bottom The bed under the water of a sea, lake, river, etc.
2029 SHL Canyon A relatively narrow, deep, submarine depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope.
2030 SHL Breakers Reef close to shore, on which the waves break.
2031 SHL Shoal Elevation of the sea floor or of a river bed with the top barely submerged, which may pose a hazard to navigation.
2032 SHL Rock Solid, isolated mass rising from the bed of the sea, a lake or a stream.
2033 SHL Reefs Rock or group of rocks in the sea at the water's surface, posing a hazard to navigation. Plural of Récif (2036).
2034 SHL Ground Area of the sea favourable for commercial fishing. Note: In Quebec, the simple term banc is often used for banc de pêche.
2035 SHL Sand Bank In an aquatic environment, an accumulation of sand which may be exposed.
2036 SHL Reef Rock or group of rocks in the sea at the water's surface, posing a hazard to navigation.
2037 SHL Range An undersea mountain range.
2038 SHL Grounds Area of the sea favourable for commercial fishing. Note: In Quebec, the simple term banc is often used for banc de pêche.
2039 SHL Bank Elevated portion of the seafloor or lake bottom, which is exposed at low water or over which the depth of water is shallow.
2041 SHL Back A shoal.
2042 SHL Bantam Elevated portion of the seafloor or lake bottom composed of unconsolidated material and posing a hazard to surface navigation; a shoal or bank (3).
2043 SHL Deeps Area of deep water between banks, ledges, and grounds.
2045 SHL Hook Curled end of a coastal spit stretching across and tending to block an estuary or bay.
2046 SHL Bars An offshore ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other unconsolidated material, perpendicular to and parallel with the shore. Plural of Bar (2010).
2047 SHL Inundated Area Land flooded with water.
2048 SHL Ledges Flat rock area, either projecting from a land mass into the water or rising from the sea floor. Plural of Ledge (1) (2006).
2049 SHL Sand Banks / Sandbanks Abrupt slope at the edge of a water body. Plural of Sand Bank / Sandbank (2027).
2050 SHL Banks Elevated portion of the seafloor or lake bottom, which is exposed at low water or over which the depth of water is shallow. Plural of Bank (3) (2039).
2051 SHL Channel A relatively shallow, wide, submarine depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous slope.
2052 SHL Valley Relatively shallow wide depression of the seafloor, usually with a bottom having a continuous gradient.
2053 SHL Sunkers Submerged rock over which the sea breaks. Plural of Sunker (2026).
2054 SHL Patches Elevation of the bed of a body of water; composed of unconsolidated material and posing a hazard to surface navigation. Plural of Patch (2021).
2055 SHL Shoals Elevation of the sea floor or of a river bed with the top barely submerged, which may pose a hazard to navigation. Plural of Haut-fond (2031).
2056 SHL Banks In an aquatic environment, an accumulation of material which may be exposed. Plural of Banc (2059).
2057 SHL Sand Bar Strip of sand or gravel located off a coastline or shore, usually enclosing a lagoon.
2058 SHL Sand Banks In an aquatic environment, an accumulation of sand which may be exposed. Plural of Banc de sable (2035).
2059 SHL Bank In an aquatic environment, an accumulation of material which may be exposed.
2061 SHL Rock Rock or group of rocks rising to the surface of the water, posing a hazard to navigation.
2062 SHL Fosse Large depression in the bed of a sea, river or lake.
2063 SHL Shelf Zone surrounding an island, extending from the low-water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope toward oceanic depths.
2065 SHL Rise Broad elevation that rises gently and generally smoothly from the seafloor.
2066 SHL Basin Seafloor or lake-bottom depression, more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent.
2067 SHL Hummock Small rounded hill on the seafloor or lake bottom.
2068 SHL Lump Elevation of the bed of a body of water, posing a hazard to surface navigation; a shoal.
2069 SHL Rocks Small mass of rock usually projecting above the water surface. Plural of Rock (1) (2024).
2300 ISL Island Land area surrounded by water or marsh.
2301 ISL Islands Land area surrounded by water or marsh. Plural of Island (2300).
2302 ISL Isle Land area surrounded by water or marsh; variant of Island.
2303 ISL Isles Land area surrounded by water or marsh. Plural of Isle (2302).
2306 ISL Archipelago Group or chain of islands.
2307 ISL Islet Small island.
2308 ISL Islets Small island. Plural of Islet (2307).
2312 ISL Islet Variously, small coastal rocks, islands, shoals, or ledges, that are surrounded by water and have tops.
2313 ISL Cay Small mass of rock usually projecting above the water surface.
2315 ISL Nubble Small mass of rock usually projecting above the water surface.
2316 ISL Thrum Rock or small island.
2317 ISL Thrumcap / Thrum Cap Rock or small island. Variant of Thrum.
2319 ISL Group More than one island in a centralized area.
2320 ISL Islet Very small island.
2321 ISL Mound A small island, elevated above the surrounding water.
2322 ISL Island Land completely surrounded by water.
2323 ISL Islands Land completely surrounded by water. Plural of Île / Ile (2322).
2324 ISL Islet Very small island.
2325 ISL Archipelago Group or chain of islands
2428 ISL Rock Solid, isolated mass rising from the bed of the sea, a lake, or a stream.
2429 ISL Rock Pile Small island.
2430 ISL Rocks Solid, isolated mass rising from the bed of the sea, a lake or a stream. Plural of Roche (1) (2032).
2431 ISL Crab Small island.
2432 ISL Thrums Rock or small island. Plural of Thrum (2316).
2433 ISL Rocks Solid, isolated mass rising from the bed of the sea, a lake or a stream. Plural of Rocher (2428).
2434 ISL Islets Very small island. Plural of Îlot / Ilot (2324).
2435 ISL Cays Rock exposed at low tide.
2436 ISL Brandies Partly submerged rocks; a reef.
2700 MTN Range Group or chain of mountains or hills.
2701 MTN Mountain Mass of land prominently elevated above the surrounding terrain, bounded by steep slopes and rising to a summit and/or peaks.
2702 MTN Mountains Mass of land prominently elevated above the surrounding terrain, bounded by steep slopes and rising to a summit and/or peaks. Plural of Mountain (2701).
2703 MTN Peak Summit of a mountain or hill, or the mountain or hill itself.
2704 MTN Peaks Summit of a mountain or hill, or the mountain or hill itself. Plural of Peak (2) (2703).
2705 MTN Hill Elevation of terrain rising prominently above the surrounding land.
2706 MTN Hills Elevation of terrain rising prominently above the surrounding land. Plural of Hill (2705).
2707 CLF Escarpment Long laterally continuous, steep slope, often cliff-like.
2708 CLF Cliff A steep rock face projecting nearly vertically from the surrounding land.
2709 CLF Cliffs A steep rock face projecting nearly vertically from the surrounding land. Plural of Cliff (2) (2708).
2710 MTN Ridge Elongated stretch of elevated ground.
2711 MTN Esker Long, narrow, usually sinuous, steep-sided ridge of unconsolidated material.
2712 MTN Bluff A steep-sided hill or promontory.
2713 MTN Slope A rise in elevation.
2714 MTN Dune A mound, ridge or hill of drifted sand.
2715 MTN Summit Highest point of a mountain or hill.
2716 MTN Butte Conspicuous isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top.
2717 MTN Highland Area of elevated relief, not as high or rugged as a range of mountains or as level as a plateau.
2718 MTN Point Sharp peak
2719 CLF Ramparts Steep rock walls.
2720 MTN Ranges Group or chain of mountains or hills. Plural of Range (2) (2700).
2721 MTN Bluffs A steep-sided hill or promontory. Plural of Bluff (2) (2712).
2722 MTN Pingo Isolated, conical, ice-cored mound occuring in areas of permafrost.
2723 MTN Ridges Elongated stretch of elevated ground. Plural of Ridge (2) (2710).
2724 MTN Buttes Conspicuous isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top. Plural of Butte (2716).
2725 CLF Hill A steep slope forming one side of a hill.
2726 MTN Highlands Area of elevated relief, not as high or rugged as a range of mountains or as level as a plateau. Plural of Highland (2717).
2727 MTN Shoulder Ridge on a mountain, commonly having the appearance of a shoulder.
2729 MTN Drumlin A low, smoothly rounded, elongated and oval hill, mound, or ridge of compact glacial till.
2731 MTN Pinnacle Small pointed peak, or a hill.
2732 MTN Pinnacles Small pointed peak, or a hill. Plural of Pinnacle (2731).
2733 MTN Physiographic Region Delimited region within Canada with relatively homogeneous physical geography. The 4 elements, land, air, water and vegetation, in distinctive combinations, define the physiographic regions of Canada.
2735 CLF Crag Steep, jagged prominence on a mountain or cliff.
2739 MTN Knoll Small rounded hill.
2740 MTN Ledge Prominent shelf-like platform exposed on the face of a mountain or cliff.
2741 MTN Lookoff Elevation from which the surrounding terrain or seascape can be viewed; variant of Lookout.
2742 MTN Mount Considerable elevation rising above the surrounding area.
2743 MTN Mount Mass of land prominently elevated above the surrounding terrain, bounded by steep slopes and rising to a summit and/or peaks.
2744 MTN Hills Moderate elevation of terrain, usually with gently sloping sides. Plural of Colline (2763).
2745 CLF Scarp Long laterally continuous, steep slope, often cliff-like; variant of Escarpment.
2746 MTN Spur Subsidiary ridge extending laterally from a mountain or ridge.
2749 MTN Lookout Elevation from which the surrounding terrain or seascape can be viewed.
2750 MTN Peak Rocky summit with steep sides.
2751 MTN Rim Elongated stretch of elevated ground.
2752 MTN Rock Rocky hill, mountain or cliff; or a large boulder.
2753 MTN Ridge A long and narrow stretch of elevated ground or rock.
2755 MTN Foothills Hilly transition zone between a mountain range and a plain.
2756 MTN Group A number of peaks or mountains within a range of mountains.
2757 MTN Rock Rocky hill, mountain or escarpment.
2758 MTN Dome Mass of rock or ice with rounded top, elevated above the surrounding terrain.
2759 MTN Spire Tall, slender, sharp-pointed peak; or a mountain.
2760 MTN Tower A conspicuous mountain or pinnacle.
2763 MTN Hill Moderate elevation of terrain, usually with gently sloping sides.
2766 MTN Mountain High elevation with steep slopes, covering a large area and belonging to a mountain system.
2767 MTN Rock A steep exposed cliff face on the side of a hill or mountain.
2770 MTN Back A hill or ridge.
2774 MTN Brow Top of a steep slope.
2775 MTN Buse Elevation of terrain rising prominently above the surrounding land.
2777 MTN Cone Cone-shaped hill.
2789 CLF Ledge Natural projection overhanging a steep slope.
2790 MTN Ridge Crest line of a mountain or mountain group.
2791 MTN Dome Elevation with little local relief, generally rounded in shape.
2793 MTN Foothills Hilly, sloping region, composed of eroded materials spread out at the foot of a mountain range.
2795 MTN Summit The highest point of a raised feature.
2798 MTN Hump Rounded hill or mountain.
2801 MTN Bank The side of a hill.
2803 MTN Sand Hills Hills rising steeply from the shoreline or from the surrounding terrain.
2805 MTN Moraine Long, narrow, steep-sided ridge of unconsolidated material.
2806 MTN Landslide Area where a mass of land has slid down a cliff or mountain and finally comes to a stop.
2807 MTN Knob Rounded usually isolated part of a mountain; a hill.
2809 MTN Summits Highest point of a mountain or hill. Plural of Summit (2715).
2810 MTN Domes Mass of rock or ice with rounded top, elevated above the surrounding terrain. Plural of Dome (2758).
2812 MTN Peak Rocky summit with steep sides.
2813 MTN Mounts Considerable elevation rising above the surrounding area. Plural of Mont (2742).
2814 MTN Mountains High elevation with steep slopes, covering a large area and belonging to a mountain system. Plural of Montagne (2766).
2815 CLF Crags Steep, jagged prominence on a mountain or cliff. Plural of Crag (2735).
2816 CLF Ledges Natural projection overhanging a steep slope. Plural of Corniche (2789).
2817 CLF Hills A steep slope forming one side of a hill. Plural of Côte (2) (2725).
2818 MTN Dunes A mound, ridge or hill of drifted sand. Plural of Dune (2) (2714).
2819 CLF Hills Side of a hill or of a terrace. Plural of Coteau (2836).
2820 MTN Highlands Area of mountainous land, without apparent orientation, standing above the surrounding area.
2821 MTN Tolt Prominent rounded summit rising above the surrounding country.
2822 MTN Range Group of mountains or hills strung along an axis.
2823 MTN Spires Tall, slender, sharp-pointed peak; or a mountain. Plural of Spire (2759).
2826 MTN Towers A conspicuous mountain or pinnacle. Plural of Tower (1) (2760).
2827 CLF Wall Steep rock face.
2828 MTN Knolls Small rounded hill. Plural of Knoll (2) (2739).
2829 MTN Abrupt Pronounced change of gradient on a slope.
2830 CLF Arch Arch of natural stone joining two raised points.
2831 MTN Lookout Designated place on a high point of land, offering an exceptional view of the surrounding landscape.
2832 MTN Bank Sloping surface of a prominent raised feature of the landscape.
2833 MTN Summits The highest point of a raised feature. Plural of Sommet (2795).
2834 CLF Abrupts Pronounced change of gradient on a slope.
2835 MTN Head Prominent hill or crag-like feature.
2836 CLF Hill Side of a hill or of a terrace.
2837 MTN Tolts Prominent rounded summit rising above the surrounding country. Plural of Tolt (2821).
2838 CLF Buffalo Jump Vertical side of a coulee, hill or riverbank. Historically, Plains Indians killed bison by driving them over the cliffs.
2839 MTN Lookouts Elevation from which the surrounding terrain or seascape can be viewed. Plural of Lookout (2749).
2840 MTN Rocks Rocky hill, mountain or cliff; or a large boulder. Plural of Rock (2) (2752).
2843 MTN Slide Scar and/or material from landslide or debris flow.
2844 MTN Cairn Conspicuous hill or mountain.
2845 MTN Cairns Conspicuous hill or mountain. Plural of Cairn (1) (2844).
2847 CLF Escarpment Steep slope separating two distinct land areas.
2849 MTN Eskers Long, narrow, usually sinuous, steep-sided ridge of unconsolidated material. Plural of Esker (2711).
2850 MTN Cliff Very steep rock surface.
2851 MTN Peak Rocky summit with steep sides.
2854 MTN Range Mountain system formed by folding, having a longitudinal arrangement.
2855 MTN Ridges Crest line of a mountain or mountain group. Plural of Crête (2790).
2856 MTN Fault Fracture in the earth's crust, along which rock strata have been displaced.
2859 MTN Monument Elevation of land rising prominently above the surrounding land.
2860 MTN Cuesta Gentle slope ending in a steep drop. May also be a ridge or belt of hilly land formed on gently dipping rock strata.
2901 VALL Ravine Deep, V-shaped declivity.
2902 VALL Coulée Steep-sided valley or ravine, often with a stream flowing in the bottom.
2903 VALL Valley Long relatively narrow depression, commonly containing a river or other water feature.
2904 VALL Gulch Deep, steeply graded, V-shaped declivity, sometimes containing a stream.
2906 VALL Canyon Deep, narrow valley with precipitous walls.
2907 VALL Gorge Deep, narrow, steep-sided valley, usually containing a watercourse.
2908 VALL Gully Small, deep, steeply graded, V-shaped declivity.
2909 VALL Gorges Deep, narrow, steep-sided valley, usually containing a watercourse. Plural of Gorge (2907).
2911 VALL Glen Steep narrow valley in hills or mountains.
2912 VALL Hollow A wide terrain depression, usually with a watercourse at its base.
2913 VALL Pass Low opening in a mountain range or hills, offering a route from one side to the other.
2914 VALL Vault Deep and narrow, V-shaped depression on a slope.
2915 VALL Notch Deep but narrow opening through a ridge or mountain chain.
2916 VALL Basin Bowl-shaped head of a valley in foothills or mountains.
2917 VALL Depression Low-lying land surrounded by higher land.
2918 VALL Gap Narrow opening through a ridge or mountain chain.
2919 VALL Trench Large-scale elongated depression between mountain ranges.
2921 VALL Saddle Low opening in a mountain range or hills, offering a route from one side to the other.
2922 VALL Ravine Deep and narrow, V-shaped depression on a slope.
2923 VALL Valley Elongated depression bordered by two slopes, generally containing a watercourse or other body of water.
2924 VALL Niche Hollow in a rock face, semi-spherical in shape.
2925 VALL Col Low point on a ridge joining two summits, usually enabling passage between them.
2926 VALL Vale Long relatively narrow depression, commonly containing a river or other water feature; variant of Valley.
2928 VALL Cirque Deep, steep-walled, bowl-shaped indentation in a mountain side.
2929 CRAT Crater A large bowl shaped depression resulting from the impact of a meteorite.
2930 VALL Crevasse Deep crack or split in the surface of the earth or of a glacier.
2932 VALL Draw The upper part of a stream valley or coulee, providing access to higher ground.
2934 VALL Cul-de-sac
2935 VALL Défilé Natural passage, narrow and steep-sided, between high places.
2936 VALL Depression Low-lying land surrounded by higher land.
2937 CRAT Crater Bowl-shaped depression.
2938 CRAT Crater Closed depression formed in the earth by the falling of a meteorite. Note: In French, the term 'astroblème' is becoming increasingly popular among scientists to denote this feature.
2939 VALL Hollow Small steep-sided declivity.
2940 VALL Canon Deep, narrow valley with precipitous walls.
2941 VALL Cirques Deep, steep-walled, bowl-shaped indentation in a mountain side. Plural of Cirque (2928).
2942 VALL Pup Small, steep-sided valley.
2943 VALL Coulee Steep-sided valley or ravine, often with a stream flowing in the bottom.
2944 VALL Hole
2950 VALL Valley Small valley.
2954 VALL Drook Narrow, steep-sided valley.
2955 VALL Depression Bowl-shaped depression formed by delayed melting of dead ice in an outwash plain.
2956 VALL Cleft A narrow opening in the surrounding terrain
2957 VALL Cañon Deep, narrow valley with precipitous walls.
3100 PLN Plateau Extensive, elevated region, with either level terrain, or nearly uniform summit levels.
3101 PLN Plain Area of flat or gently rolling terrain.
3102 PLN Plains Area of flat or gently rolling terrain. Plural of Plain (2) (3101).
3104 PLN Lowland A general term for low-lying land or an extensive region of low land, especially near the coast and including the extended plains or country lying not far above tide level.
3105 PLN Flat Almost level land, usually found along a valley.
3106 PLN Flats Almost level land, usually found along a valley. Plural of Flat (2) (3105).
3107 PLN Upland Area of elevated terrain.
3108 PLN Uplands Area of elevated terrain. Plural of Upland (3107).
3109 PLN Terrace Relatively flat, horizontal, or gently inclined surface, sometimes long and narrow; bounded by a steeper ascending slope on one side and by a steeper descending slope on the opposite side.
3111 PLN Bench Level strip of land, bounded above and below by steeper slopes; a terrace.
3112 PLN Plain Extensive surface, generally at low elevation and with little variation in relief.
3113 PLN Terrace Deposit of unconsolidated material forming a projecting ledge.
3114 PLN Plains Extensive surface, generally at low elevation and with little variation in relief. Plural of Plaine (3112).
3115 PLN Crossing Place A land access between two bodies of water or through rugged terrain; used by animals or man.
3200 GLAC Glacier Mass of permanent snow and ice flowing from an area of snow accumulation on higher ground.
3201 GLAC Icefield Irregularly shaped mass of permanent snow and ice, generally forming the accumulation area of two or more glaciers.
3202 GLAC Ice Cap / Icecap Large dome-shaped mass of permanent ice and snow.
3203 GLAC Névé Accumulation of ice resulting from the transformation of snow on higher ground (glacier def.).
3204 GLAC Ice Shelf Thick and extensive floating sheet of glacier ice attached to the coast.
3205 GLAC Glaciers Mass of permanent snow and ice flowing from an area of snow accumulation on higher ground. Plural of Glacier (3200).
3206 GLAC Snowfield Irregularly shaped mass of permanent snow and ice, generally forming the accumulation area of two or more glaciers.
3207 GLAC Ice Moraine Ice debris carried down and deposited by a glacier as a terminal moraine.
3208 GLAC Ice Rise An ice mass, usually dome shaped, resting on unexposed rock.
3209 GLAC Ice Sheet A glacier of considerable thickness and more than 50000 sq. km., forming a continuous cover of ice and snow, spreading outward in all directions.
3211 GLAC Glacieret A small glacier.
3213 GLAC Icefall Mass of jagged, split ice on a steep glacial slope.
3214 GLAC Ice Patch A very small patch of ice, smaller than a glacieret, which forms against slopes and rarely melts.
3500 FOR Forest Vast expanse of tree-covered terrain.
3501 FOR Bluff Isolated clump of trees.
3502 FOR Desert Wooded area with sandy soil.
3503 FOR Wooded Area A clump of trees on the prairie landscape resembling a bluff.
3504 FOR Woods Tract of treed land.
3505 FOR Grove Small wooded area.
3506 FOR Experimental Forest Forest managed by a research organization, which is responsible for making observations and conducting experiments that will contribute to the advancement of pure and applied sciences.
3507 FOR Grove Group of trees or shrubs, generally used for practical or decorative purposes.
3508 FOR Woods Area of land covered by trees, usually associated with human settlement.
3509 FOR Forest Vast expanse of tree-covered terrain.
3510 FOR Bush A small forest.
3511 FOR Forest Area Forest managed by a research organization.
3512 FOR Tree Nursery Piece of ground where young plants are grown for transplanting.
3515 FOR Cedar Grove Place where Thuja (arborvitae) are plentiful. Note: Thuja (arborvitae) are commonly referred to as cedars in Quebec.
3516 FOR Orchard Piece of land on which fruit trees are grown.
3570 VEGL Meadow Low-lying, flat, seasonally wet, grassy area.
3571 VEGL Meadows Low-lying, flat, seasonally wet, grassy area. Plural of Meadow (2) (3570).
3572 VEGL Barren Expanse of sparsely vegetated land, generally treeless.
3573 VEGL Barrens Expanse of sparsely vegetated land, generally treeless. Plural of Barren (3572).
3574 VEGL Moor Uncultivated, heather-covered upland.
3575 VEGL Haymarsh Low-lying area suitable for growing marsh hay.
3576 VEGL Hay Meadow Low-lying area suitable for growing marsh hay.
3577 VEGL Meadow Flat terrain with low vegetation.
3578 VEGL Savannah Low-lying, flat, seasonally wet, grassy area.
3579 VEGL Prairie Area of flat or gently rolling grassland; larger than a meadow and often extensive.
3580 VEGL Marsh Area of low-lying land, often flooded and usually characterized by growth of grass and reeds.
3581 VEGL Marshes Area of low-lying land, often flooded and usually characterized by growth of grass and reeds. Plural of Marsh (3580).
3582 VEGL Swamp Low-lying land, permanently saturated with water and usually having trees and shrubs.
3583 VEGL Bog Wet spongy land area, containing abundant organic matter.
3585 VEGL Fen Waterlogged ground
3586 VEGL Flat A large area of flat, wet ground.
3587 VEGL Flats A large area of flat, wet ground. Plural of Flat (3) (3586).
3588 VEGL Glade Wet, low-lying area with sparse vegetation.
3589 VEGL Heath Flat, wet area with low vegetation.
3590 VEGL Intervale Low-lying, flat, seasonally-flooded, grassy area adjacent to a watercourse.
3592 VEGL Slough Stagnant marshland where water collects in wet seasons.
3593 VEGL Swale Shallow, marshy depression.
3594 VEGL Bog Low, sometimes swampy ground, characterized by abundant moss and few trees.
3595 VEGL Plain Grassland in a wet, low-lying area.
3596 VEGL Bog Stagnant, shallow body of water that has been invaded by aquatic plants.
3597 VEGL Peat Bog Plant or vegetable deposit in moist ground, resulting from the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter.
3602 VEGL Quagmire Low-lying land, often flooded and generally muddy. Note: The term, 'baissière' is improper in this sense.
3603 VEGL Swamp Area of land saturated or covered by water and supporting mainly bushy vegetation.
3605 VEGL Bog Low, sometimes swampy ground, characterized by abundant moss and few trees.
3606 VEGL Community Pasture Communal land for grazing, farming, and other uses. Note: In Quebec, the commune was established under the seigneurial system and a few still remain.
3607 VEGL Muskeg Waterlogged swamp with deep accumulation of organic material.
3610 VEGL Fallow A clearing.
3611 VEGL Plains Grassland in a wet, low-lying area. Plural of Plain (3) (3595).
3612 VEGL Swales Shallow, marshy depression. Plural of Swale (3593).
3613 VEGL Bogs West spongy land area, containing abundant organic matter. Plural of Bog (3583).
3614 VEGL Glades Wet, low-lying area with sparse vegetation. Plural of Glade (3588).
3615 VEGL Hole Area of low-lying land, often flooded and usually characterized by growth of grass and reeds.
3617 VEGL Intervale Riverside terrain, periodically flooded, and often vegetated.
3618 VEGL Bogs Low, sometimes swampy ground, characterized by abundant moss and few trees. Plural of Savane (3605).
3619 VEGL Field Piece of land suitable for cultivation; a flat open area
3620 VEGL Barrens Marshy or boggy area of low lying land with sparse vegetation.
3621 VEGL Blueberry Grove Area in which blueberries are plentiful.
3622 VEGL Fields Piece of land suitable for cultivation; a flat open area. Plural of Champ (3619).
3623 VEGL Marshes Area of land saturated or covered by water and supporting mainly bushy vegetation. Plural of Marécage (3603).
3624 VEGL Bottom Level land of a valley floor.
3626 VEGL Meadow Alpine or sub-alpine treeless area characterized by seasonal grasses and wildflowers.
3628 VEGL Sloughs Stagnant marshland where water collects in wet seasons. Plural of Slough (3) (3592).
3700 CAVE Cave Natural subterranean chamber open to the surface.
3701 CAVE Caves Natural subterranean chamber open to the surface. Plural of Cave (3700).
3702 CAVE Cave Natural undergound cavity hollowed in rock, and closed on all sides except for a narrow opening.
3703 CAVE Grotto Natural undergound hollow, of variable depth.
3705 CAVE Cave Large natural cavity hollowed in rock; a cave.
3900 SPRG Fumarole A vent, usually volcanic, from which gases and vapours are emitted.
3901 CRAT Volcano Hills related to volcanic activity.
3902 CRAT Crater Bowl-shaped or funnel-shaped depression at the eruption site on a volcano.
3903 CRAT Crater More or less rounded, bowl-shaped depression.
3904 CRAT Volcanoes Hills related to volcanic activity. Plural of Volcano (3901).
4101 HYDR Generating Station A building where electricity is generated.
4102 RES Oilwell A well used to remove petroleum from the earth.
4103 RES Mine Site where extraction and primary processing of ore take place.
4104 RES Mines Site where extraction and primary processing of ore take place. Plural of Mine (4103).
4105 RES Drill Site Drill site where holes are bored or wells are sunk by using some sort of revolving tool or machine; usually in a search for water, oil, or minerals.
4106 RES Quarry A surface mine usually for building stone or gravel and sand.
4107 CAMP Mining Camp Seasonal or year-round housing and facilities (usually temporary) for people working at nearby mines.
4109 RES Pits A small man-made depression used to obtain gravel or sand. Plural of Pit (4114).
4110 RES Quarry Place where mineral substances are excavated for use in construction.
4111 RES Forest Camp Place which is the site of housing and other facilities for people working in the forest.
4112 SITE Forest Locality Population centre with no legal status established in the woods for loggers and their families.
4114 RES Pit A constructed depression used to obtain gravel or sand.
4117 HYDR Generating Station Plant where the mechanical energy of water is transformed into electral energy. Note: The spelling 'centrale hydro-électrique' is still found in French.
4119 RES Forestry Station Establishment comprising a forested tract of land, and a group of buildings, facilities and equipment to be for education, demonstration, research and experimentation in the field of forestry.
4120 RES Quarries Place where mineral substances are excavated for use in construction. Plural of Carrière (4110).
4121 RES Forest Depot A supply centre for logging operations, including a group of buildings to be used for several years.
4122 RES Forest Education Centre Place where the public can be taught about forest conservation.
4123 CAMP Mining Camp Seasonal or year-round housing and facilities (usually temporary) for people working at nearby in the mines.
4301 ROAD Portage Trail around an obstacle in a watercourse or joining two bodies of water.
4302 ROAD Road A constructed feature used for transportation.
4303 ROAD Trail Footpath or track.
4305 ROAD Ferry Place for crossing a river, bay etc., by boat.
4307 ROAD Bridge A structure built to span and afford passage across a waterway, railroad, ravine, etc.
4308 ROAD Causeway A raised roadway of solid structure built across low or wet ground or across a stretch of water.
4309 PARK Waterway A navigable or formerly-navigable waterway which includes natural watercourses as well as human-engineered channels and control structures, such as dams, weirs, and locks.
4310 PARK Waterway A navigable or formerly-navigable waterway which includes natural watercourses as well as human-engineered channels and control structures, such as dams, weirs, and locks.
4311 MAR Lock Structure in a watercourse or a canal, provided with gates and sluices, which enables vessels to go from one reach to another, thus negotiating a change in water level.
4312 MAR Locks Structure in a watercourse or a canal, provided with gates and sluices, which enables vessels to go from one reach to another, thus negotiating a change in water level.
4313 MAR Harbour A standing water area, usually protected by natural or artificial features, suitable for mooring or anchoring vessels.
4314 AIR Airport Site intended to be used for air traffic, including any necessary technical and commercial installations.
4315 HYDR Breakwater A structure which breaks the force of waves, forming protection for vessels.
4316 MAR Canal An artificial navigable watercourse joining water bodies.
4317 MAR Landing A platform or dock from which passengers and cargo are usually disembarked.
4318 MAR Port Natural or man-made shelter for vessels, having the necessary equipment for the taking on and landing of passengers and cargo.
4319 RAIL Railway Yard A railway depot.
4320 MAR Lock Structure in a watercourse or a canal, provided with gates and sluices enabling vessels to go from one reach to another, thus negotiating a change in water level.
4321 MAR Locks Structure in a watercourse or a canal, provided with gates and sluices enabling vessels to go from one reach to another, thus negotiating a change in water level. Plural of Écluse (4524).
4322 MAR Dock Structure intended as a place for mooring vessels, comprising a retaining wall and an embankment built at the water's edge.
4323 AIR Airport Site intended to be used for air traffic, including any necessary technical and commercial installations.
4324 AIR Seaplane Base Body of water where the facilities and services for seaplane traffic are available.
4325 PARK Canal A navigable or formerly-navigable waterway which includes natural watercourses as well as human-engineered channels and control structures,such as dams, weirs, and locks.
4326 MAR Dock An artificial construction on the edge of the water to which vessels may be secured.
4327 MAR Wharf A platform beside which a ship may be moored for loading and unloading.
4328 MAR Marina Harbour facility intended for pleasure boats.
4329 ROAD Highway Public road.
4330 ROAD Route A main road; may have limited entrances and exits with use restricted to motorized vehicles. Surface is normally of concrete or asphalt; painted lines separate the lanes.
4331 MAR Steamer Landing A scheduled steamer landing, with or without a settlement.
4333 AIR Airport Area of land designed for use by aircraft in taking off and landing.
4334 RAIL Flag Stop A railway flag stop.
4335 MAR Harbour Body of water of a harbour, closed off by docks or other barriers, intended to provide shelter for vessels.
4336 ROAD Bridge Structure enabling a travel route to cross a natural obstacle or another travel route.
4337 MAR Landing Place in a harbour or on the shore of a body of water, where passengers and cargo are taken on and landed. Note: In toponymy, the term débarcadère is preferred to its synonym embarcadère.
4338 ROAD Route Land, ice or snowpack route connecting two navigable bodies of water.
4339 AIR Airfield A land aerodrome with limited services.
4341 ROAD Path A man-made trail or track.
4342 ROAD Portages Trail around an obstacle in a watercourse or joining two bodies of water. Plural of Portage (4301).
4343 AIR Airstrip A strip of ground used or usable for landing and take-off of aircraft.
4345 ROAD Corner A junction of several roads.
4348 MAR Terminal Facility for loading grain onto ships.
4349 ROAD Road Bend A curve in a road.
4351 MAR Deepwater Terminal Facility for large oil tankers.
4352 MAR Seaway A system of locks, canals, and channels linking the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River with the Atlantic Ocean.
4353 MAR Seaway A system of locks, canals, and channels linking the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River with the Atlantic Ocean.
4357 MAR Piers Plural of Pier (4364).
4358 RAIL Railway Cut A surface excavation made so a rialway can maintain a uniform grade on the railway track.
4361 ROAD Road Route in a rural area used for local travel, of secondary importance compared to the highway.
4363 ROAD Highway Travel route with a divided roadway, reserved for rapid traffic, having no level intersections and accessible only at points constructed for that purpose.
4364 MAR Pier Structure of iron or wood, open below, running out into the sea and used as a promenade and landing stage.
4365 ROAD Trail Rudimentary route, usually in a largely uninhabited or undeveloped place.
4368 RAIL Railway Junction
4370 ROAD Côte Travel route or part of a travel route which follows an incline.
4371 ROAD Covered Bridge A bridge that has a building-like cover to protect the bridge surface.
4372 ROAD Bridges Structure enabling a travel route to cross a natural obstacle or another travel route. Plural of Pont (4336).
4373 ROAD Tunnel Underground passageway for a travel route (under a watercourse or arm of the sea, or through an elevation of terrain).
4374 AIR Seaplane Base Body of water where the facilities and services required for seaplane traffic are available.
4376 MAR Marina Site of a recreational harbour and accommodation services
4379 ROAD Bridge and Tunnel Structure composed of a bridge and a tunnel.
4380 ROAD Trail Narrow route for pedestrians.
4381 MAR Lighthouse High tower housing a powerful source of light to guide vessels. Note: by analogy, the term phare is used in the field of aeronautics.
4385 ROAD Tunnels Underground passageway for a travel route (under a watercourse or arm of the sea, or through an elevation of terrain). Plural of Tunnel (4373).
4386 RAIL Railway A track or set of tracks for passage of trains conveying passengers and goods.
4387 ROAD Historical Route A modern transportation route following in close proximity to an historical trail or colonization road which influenced the development of the region.
4388 ROAD Junction Place where two railway lines or other travel routes meet.
4389 ROAD Route Travel route which traverses the natural landscape between destinations, and may cross land, snow, ice or water.
4390 ROAD Forest Resources Road A road that provides access to a proposed or actual area designated for forest activities.
4391 ROAD Scenic Touring Route A long route to a destination; a road or trail designed to take one past a pleasant view or scenery, such as natural wonders, historic sites, parks, trails, museums, etc., usually in a less direct way.
4501 SITE Research Station Place where scientific research is carried out in some discipline related to the surrounding environment.
4502 RECR Amusement Park An area where entertainment is provided by game concessions, rides, etc.
4503 SITE Cabin A structure offering shelter; often a landmark on a remote or historic route.
4504 CAMP Camp A place where tents or buildings serve as temporary residences for members of an organization.
4506 MIL Canadian Forces Base A base established for operations of the armed forces.
4507 HYDR Dam A barrier constructed to hold back water, to raise and control its level and/or to form a reservoir.
4508 SITE Cairn Mound of earth or stones, used as a landmark or memorial.
4509 SITE Wreck The remains of a sunken or grounded ship; may be partially above the water surface.
4510 HYDR Drain An artificial channel for carrying off excess water from low-lying areas.
4511 HYDR Dyke Artificial structure to control water flow and flood waters.
4514 CAMP Seasonal Camp Place where Indians and Inuit set up their tents for a temporary stay, at different times of the year.
4515 HYDR Dam Construction across the bed of a watercourse for the purpose of diverting or accumulating water.
4516 HYDR Ditch Trench used for distributing or collecting water.
4517 CAMP Sports Camp A collection of somewhat primitive dwellings in the country or woods, for hunting and fishing enthusiasts.
4518 MIL Military Base Place which serves as a permanent location for housing, equipment and other facilities used by the armed forces.
4519 HYDR Dyke A ditch constructed for the purpose of draining excess water from farmland.
4520 HYDR Dam Natural or artificial barrier made of earth, stones, etc., to block movement of water or other liquids.
4521 HYDR Ditch Narrow artificial channel constructed for drainage.
4522 HYDR Diversion An artificial channel constructed to divert the flow of water from one watercourse into another; often used for flood control.
4523 SITE Climate Station An establishment used as a base for observation of and research into climate.
4525 RES Farm Set of buildings used in an agricultural operation.
4526 CAMP Fishing Camp
4528 SITE Fish Monitoring Station
4529 SITE Radar Station Site of the equipment required to operate a radar.
4531 HYDR Dykes Artificial structure to control water flow and flood waters. Plural of Dyke (1) (4511).
4533 SITE Reference Point A point to which other points and lines are referrred, usually in terms of distance or direction, or both.
4534 SITE Tower A man-made structure built to provide clearance above the surrounding objects or features. May be used to detect and report the outbreak of forest fires, or for viewing the surrounding scenery.
4535 SITE Mounds Indian burial mounds. Plural of Mound (2) (4604).
4536 SITE School A building where various types and levels of education are provided.
4539 HYDR Control Structure Artificial barrier constructed in a natural or man-made waterway to regulate the flow or water level of a river or lake.
4540 SITE Sanctuary Holy place which is the object of special worship.
4545 SITE Landmark Conspicuous object in a district.
4546 SITE Clear Cleared area of land.
4547 MIL Canadian Forces Camp A camp established for operations of the armed forces.
4548 MIL Ammunition Depot A place where ammunition, gunpowder, and other explosives are stored.
4549 RECR Tourist Attraction A site where toursits may enjoy cultural and/or recreational activities. See also Amusement Park (578)
4550 CAMP Indian Camp Site A place where Natives set up their tents for a temporary stay.
4556 SITE Cemetery A place or area for burying the dead.
4557 MIL Military Reserve Territory belonging to National Defence, used for armed forces activities.
4558 SITE Site Named place that has historical, geographical or folklore origins.
4559 MIL Canadian Forces Base An established base for operations of the armed forces.
4560 MIL Canadian Forces Station A station established for operations of the armed forces.
4561 MIL Canadian Forces Station An established station for operations of the armed forces.
4562 RES Farm Set of buildings used in an agricultural operation.
4563 ROAD Gate A man-made entrance-way.
4566 MIL Military College An educational institution, owned and operated by the Department of National Defense, which grants academic degrees.
4567 MIL Military College An educational institution, owned and operated by the Department of National Defence, which grants academic degrees.
4569 HYDR Well A hole or pit dug into the ground to obtain water.
4571 CAMP Holiday Camp Establishment, generally in a natural setting, which offers accommodation and organized activities on a communal basis to children, adults and families during holidays.
4574 MIL Canadian Forces Camp An established camp for operations of the armed forces.
4575 MIL Canadian Forces Range and/or Training Area (C.F.T.A.) An established range and/or training area for operations of the armed forces.
4576 MIL Canadian Forces Range and/or Training Area (C.F.T.A.) An established range and/or training area for operations of the armed forces.
4577 CAMP Campground Tract of land set aside for the purpose of camping and related recreational activities.
4578 CAMP Campground Space set aside for camping. Note: In context, the French term may be abbreviated to camping.
4579 CAMP School Camp
4580 CAMP Seasonal Camp Sites Place where Indians and Inuit set up their tents for a temporary stay, at different times of the year. Plural of Camp saisonnier (4514).
4581 SITE Nature Interpretation Centre Place where visitors can observe and learn about the natural environment, and be introduced to nature conservation.
4582 RECR Hunting and Fishing Club
4583 CAMP Summer Camp Summer camp for children.
4584 SITE Community Pasture Land used in common for pasture, farming or other purposes. Note: Communes were instituted under the seigneurial system, and some still exist.
4585 SITE Estate Landed property of a fairly large size, usually marked by some architectural or landscaped feature. Note: The definition given here for the term domaine applies to the geographic entity.
4586 RECR Ski Resort Place with major facilities and services for skiing and lodging skiers.
4587 RECR Tourist Attraction
4588 RECR Golf Course Space set aside for golf.
4589 RECR Playground Space set aside for recreational activities.
4590 SITE Trait-carré
4592 SITE Administrative Centre Building where the administrative and technical offices of a local community, a burough or a government service are located.
4593 HYDR Dams Construction across the bed of a watercourse for the purpose of diverting or accumulating water. Plural of Barrage (4515).
4594 SITE Registration Building Building used for activities associated with registration, information and control of users and visitors who wish to have access to a given area.
4596 HYDR Diversion An artificial channel constructed to divert the flow of water from one watercourse into another; often used for flood control.
4597 CAMP Outdoor Camp Establishment in a natural setting with somewhat primitive accommodation, for visitors who wish to enjoy outdoor activities.
4598 SITE Outfitting Establishment Establishment which offers facilities and services to hunters and anglers, such as accomodation, transportation, equipment rental and, above all, recreational hunting and fishing opportunities.
4599 HYDR Floodway An artificial channel constructed to divert the flow of water from one watercourse into another; often used for flood control.
4600 RECR Recreation Centre
4601 RECR Museum Building or buildings used for storing and exhibiting objects illustrating antiquities, natural history, arts, etc.
4602 ROAD Footbridge A little bridge for crossing a creek or canal.
4603 SITE Community College
4604 SITE Mound Indian burial mounds.
4605 HYDR Dyke Dike allowing relcamation of coastal lands for farming. By extension, the term is also used to designate the land area reclaimed.
4606 SITE Commercial Area Shopping centre or business area.
4610 SITE Laboratory
4613 HYDR Hydroelectric Station
4614 HYDR Diversion
4615 RECR Recreation Facility Infrastructure associated with one or more recreational activities.
4617 SITE Fish Trapping Site A site in a river or creek where a fence barricade, made of willows and sinew, with an opening on one side and a basket on the other side, was placed by First Nations people to trap fish during a salmon run.
4618 CAMP Seasonal Camp Place where First Nations and Inuit set up their tents for a temporary stay, at different times of the year.
4619 MISC Gravesite A place where an individual is buried.
4620 MISC Correctional Institution Training school; provincial adult institution or federal penitentiary, (FOR USE WITH SPECIAL RECORDS ONLY.)
4621 MIL Canadian Forces Wing A facility established for operations of the armed forces.
4622 MIL Escadre des Forces canadiennes An established facility for operations of the armed forces.
4623 MIL Canadian Forces Base/Area Support Unit A base established for operations of the armed forces.
4624 MIL Canadian Forces Base/Area Support Unit An established base for operations of the armed forces.
5000 PARK Federal Park Legally-defined area under federal jurisdiction.
5001 PARK Federal Park Legally-defined area under federal jurisdiction
5002 GEOG Region The seat of the Government of Canada and its surrounding area
5003 GEOG Region The seat of the Government of Canada and its surrounding area.
5004 PARK Crown Lands Reserve Any Crown Lands reserved and set apart under Section 8 of The Lands Act (Newfoundland and Labrador).
5005 PARK National Park A park managed by the province of Québec, to ensure the conservation of lands representative of Québec's natural regions, while making them accessible to the public for the purposes of education and recreation.
5006 PARK Protected Beach An area of beach and associated dune system designated as a significant and sensitive environmental and recreational resource, with regulated use so as to leave them unimpaired for the benefit and enjoyment of future generations.
5007 PARK Geopark A territory encompassing one or more sites of scientific importance, not only for geological reasons but also by virtue of its archaeological, ecological or cultural value.
5008 PARK Geopark A territory encompassing one or more sites of scientific importance, not only for geological reasons but also by virtue of its archaeological, ecological or cultural value.
5009 PARK Heritage site Site containing natural or cultural property of particular esthetic, ethnological, scientific or historic interest, which has been given official status by a competent authority for purposes of protection.
7001 SEAU Abyssal Hills A tract of small elevations on the seafloor
7002 SEAU Abyssal Plain A flat, gently sloping or nearly level region at abyssal depths.
7003 SEAU Apron A gentle slope with a generally smooth surface of the seafloor, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts.
7004 SEAU Bank An elevation over which the depth of water is relatively shallow, but normally sufficient for safe surface navigation.
7005 SEAU Banks An elevation over which the depth of water is relatively shallow, but normally sufficient for safe surface navigation.
7006 SEAU Bar A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other unconsolidated material extending across the mouth of a river or harbour or bay and which may obstruct navigation; a similar offshore feature perpendicular and parallel with the shore.
7007 SEAU Basin A depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent.
7008 SEAU Bench
7009 SEAU Borderland A region adjacent to a continent, normally occupied by or bordering a shelf, that is highly irregular with depths well in excess of those typical of a shelf.
7010 SEAU Canyon A relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope.
7011 SEAU Channel
7012 SEAU Continental Margin
7013 SEAU Continental Margin The zone, generally consisting of the shelf, slope and rise, separating the continent from the abyssal plain or deep sea bottom.
7014 SEAU Continental Rise A gentle slope rising from the oceanic depths towards the foot of a continental slope.
7015 SEAU Continental Rise
7016 SEAU Cordillera An entire mountainous system, including all the subordinate seamount groups, interior plateaus, and basins.
7017 SEAU Dome
7018 SEAU Delta
7019 SEAU Escarpment An elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas.
7020 SEAU Escarpment An elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas.
7021 SEAU Fan A relatively smooth feature normally sloping away from the lower termination of a canyon or canyon system.
7022 SEAU Pingos A more or less conical mound of fine unconsolidated material generally containing an ice core.
7023 SEAU Fracture Zone An extensive linear zone of irregular topography of the seafloor, characterized by steep-sided or asymmetrical ridges, troughs, or escarpments.
7024 SEAU Furrow
7025 SEAU Gap A narrow break in a ridge or a rise.
7027 SEAU Guyot A seamount having a comparatively smooth flat top.
7028 SEAU Hill A small isolated elevation, not as high as a knoll
7029 SEAU Hole
7030 SEAU Knoll A relatively small isolated elevation with a rounded shape.
7031 SEAU Knolls A relatively small isolated elevation with a rounded shape.
7032 SEAU Ledge A relatively flat projection of rock usually extending from a shoreline.
7033 SEAU Ledges A relatively flat projection of rock usually extending from a shoreline.
7034 SEAU Levee An embankment bordering a canyon, valley or deep-sea channel.
7035 SEAU Lobe A protuberance of bathymetric contours having a broad tonguelike or lobate plan.
7036 SEAU Marginal Trough A distinctive depression occurring on some continental shelves, extending parallel to the coast and characteristically separating a relatively narrow inner shelf from a broader outer shelf, which may be cut by transverse depressions.
7037 SEAU Median Valley The axian depression of the mid-oceanic ridge system.
7038 SEAU Moat
7039 SEAU Moat
7040 SEAU Moraine Long, narrow, steep-sided ridge of unconsolidated material.
7041 SEAU Mountain
7042 SEAU Mountain
7043 SEAU Pass A low part between elevations on a ridge or between seamounts.
7044 SEAU Peak A prominent elevation either pointed or of a very limited extent across the summit.
7045 SEAU Pingo A more or less conical mound of fine unconsolidated material generally containing an ice core.
7046 SEAU Pinnacle
7047 SEAU Plateau A flat or nearly flat area of considerable extent, dropping off abruptly on one or more sides.
7048 SEAU Province
7049 SEAU Province
7050 SEAU Reef Rocks lying at or near the sea surface that may constitute a hazard to surface navigation.
7051 SEAU Reefs Rocks lying at or near the sea surface that may constitute a hazard to surface navigation.
7052 SEAU Ridge The word "ridge" has several meanings: (a) a long, narrow elevation with steep sides, (b) a long narrow elevation often separating ocean basins, and (c) the major oceanic mountain system of global extent.
7053 SEAU Rise A broad elevation that rises gently and generally smoothly from the seafloor.
7054 SEAU Rock A solid mass of limited extent.
7055 SEAU Rocks A solid mass of limited extent.
7056 SEAU Saddle A low part resembling in shape a saddle in a ridge or between contiguous seamounts.
7057 SEAU Scarp
7058 SEAU Scarp An elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas.
7059 SEAU Seachannel
7060 SEAU Seamount Chain Several seamounts in a line.
7061 SEAU Seamount Chain
7063 SEAU Seamount A large isolated elevation characteristically of conical form.
7064 SEAU Seamounts A group of seamounts with or without definite alignment.
7065 SEAU Shelf A zone adjacent to a continent (or around an island) and extending from the low water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths.
7066 SEAU Shelf-edge
7067 SEAU Shelf-edge An offshore hazard to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material.
7068 SEAU Shelf A zone adjacent to a continent (or around an island) and extending from the low water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths.
7069 SEAU Shoal An offshore hazard to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material.
7070 SEAU Shoal An offshore hazard to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material.
7071 SEAU Shoals An offshore hazard to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material.
7072 SEAU Sill The low part of a gap or saddle separating basins.
7073 SEAU Slope
7074 SEAU Slope The slope seaward from the shelf edge to the beginning of a continental rise or the point where there is a general reduction in slope.
7075 SEAU Spit A narrow shoal projecting into a body of water from the shore.
7076 SEAU Spur A subordinate elevation, ridge, or rise projecting outward from a larger feature.
7077 SEAU Tablemount
7078 SEAU Terrace A relatively flat horizontal or gently inclined suface, sometimes long and narrow, which is bounded by a steeper ascending slope on one side and by a steeper descending slope on the opposide side.
7079 SEAU Trench A long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the seafloor, with relatively steep sides.
7080 SEAU Trough An elongated depression of the seafloor characteristically flat-bottomed and steep-sided and normally shallower than a trench. A trough is not normally characterized by a continious longitudinal gradient,
7081 SEAU Troughs An elongated depression of the seafloor characteristically flat-bottomed and steep-sided and normally shallower than a trench. A trough is not normally characterized by a continuous longitudinal gradiant.
7082 SEAU Valley A relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which has usually a continuous gradient.
7083 SEAU Bars A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other unconsolidated material extending across the mouth of a river or harbour or bay and which may obstruct navigation; a similar offshore feature perpendicular and parallel with the shore.
7084 SEAU Ramp
8888 MISC Generic Pending Classification Generic code is pending definition from the province.
9999 MISC Unclassified An officially or unofficially named feature where the entity is either undetermined or not separately designated in the CGNDB.